Coolidge, Calvin

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Coolidge, Calvin

Born John Calvin Coolidge—after his father—on July 4, 1872, in Plymouth, Vermont, he shortened his name to Calvin Coolidge after leaving college. Coolidge became the thirtieth president of the United States upon the death of President warren g. harding. He was educated at Amherst College, where he received a bachelor of arts degree in 1895 and a doctor of laws degree in 1919. He also received doctor of laws degrees from several other institutions, including Wesleyan University and Tufts University.

"Perhaps one of the most important accomplishments of my administration has been minding my own business."
—Calvin Coolidge

In 1897, Coolidge was admitted to the bar and established his legal firm in Northampton, Massachusetts, where he practiced until 1919. He became councilman in Northampton in 1899, then city solicitor from 1900 to 1901, clerk of courts in 1904, and member of the General Court of Massachusetts from 1907 to 1908. In 1910, he was elected mayor of Northampton, a post that he held for one year.

Coolidge served in the Massachusetts Senate from 1912 to 1915, acting as president during 1914 and 1915. He was the lieutenant governor of the state from 1916 to 1918 and the following year became governor. As governor, he gained public recognition for his strong policy regarding the Boston police strike of 1919, regarding which he denied the right of any individual or group to strike if the public welfare is jeopardized.

With such extensive experience in state government, Coolidge was a natural choice for a federal position. In 1921, he was elected to the vice presidency of the United States. On August 2, 1923, President Warren G. Harding died suddenly and Coolidge became president. He was sworn in by his father, a Notary Public, on August 3, 1923, at 2:47 a.m. in his hometown of Plymouth, Vermont. In the next presidential election, held in 1924, Coolidge was elected, and so his administration lasted for five years.

As president, Coolidge adopted policies that favored business and discouraged government intervention in the economic system. He influenced the speculative activity of the Stock Market toward the end of the 1920s, which, some believe, precipitated the crash of 1929. When Coolidge left office in that year, the country was on the brink of economic disaster.

Coolidge spent his last years in retirement, writing articles. His Autobiography was published in 1929. He died January 5, 1933, in Northampton, Massachusetts.

Further readings

Gilbert, Robert E. 2003. The Tormented President: Calvin Coolidge and the Trauma of Death. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood.

Sobel, Robert. 2000. Coolidge: An American Enigma. Washington, D.C.: Regnery.

Cross-references

Harding, Warren Gamaliel; Hoover, Herbert Clark.

References in periodicals archive ?
So when the publishers of a slim new volume tided President Calvin Coolidge and the Armenian Orphan Rug asked the White House to release the Ghazir artifact for a private book party in December, the terse response was, "We regret that it is not possible to loan it out at this time.
THE TOPIC: Calvin Coolidge, a scion of New England, was famously taciturn, earning the nickname "Silent Cal.
The columns were collected into a book in 1972 on the 100th anniversary of his birth; but Calvin Coolidge Says is, alas, out of print.
This achievement was to sustain her marriage and family following the death of her younger son, Calvin Coolidge, Jr.
FORMER US President Calvin Coolidge slept so much that, when he died, the writer Dorothy Parker remarked "How can they tell?
The nation which forgets its defenders will itself be forgotten", said President Calvin Coolidge, and with a potential 40,000 cases of Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome diagnosed since 2003, PTSD is an issue that will be concerning both returning veterans and their families for years to come.
Michelle Obama, left, holds up a drawing of the Obama family as she and Presidentelect Barack Obama visit Calvin Coolidge High School in Washington
Naden and Rose Blue's JAMES MONROE (9780761428381), Steven Otfinoski's CALVIN COOLIDGE (9781761428367) each provide 96 pages of history and biography perfect for reports.
After Calvin Coolidge announced he did not choose to run for a second term, reporters pressed him for a more detailed statement.
Presidents' Moms * Presidents Martha * Theodore Roosevelt Louisa * William Howard Taft Jessie * Woodrow Wilson Phoebe * Warren Harding Victoria * Calvin Coolidge Hulda * Herbert Hoover Sara * Franklin Roosevelt Martha * Harry Truman Ida * Dwight Eisenhower Rose * John Kennedy Rebekah * Lyndon Johnson Hannah * Richard Nixon Dorothy * Gerald Ford Lillian * Jimmy Carter Nelle * Ronald Reagan Barbara * George Bush Virginia * Bill Clinton
President Calvin Coolidge once said, "Little progress can be made by merely attempting to repress what is evil; our great hope lies in developing what is good.