canon

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canon

noun act, behest, citation, code, command, commandment, criterion, decree, demand, dictate, dictum, direction, edict, established principle, fiat, funnamental principle, general rule, imperative, imposition, interdiction, law, legislation, lex, mandate, manifesto, norma, order, ordinance, precept, prescript, prescription, proclamation, pronunciamento, public announcement, regula, regulation, requirement, requisition, rescript, rule, rule of conduct, ruling, standard, statute, test, ultimatum, warrant, word, writ
Associated concepts: canon law, canons of construction, canons of ethics, canons of judicial ethics, canons of justice, professional canon, rule of construction
See also: article, belief, bylaw, code, codification, constitution, direction, directive, doctrine, dogma, edict, law, legislation, mandate, maxim, order, ordinance, pandect, precept, prescription, principle, regulation, rubric, rule, standard, statute

CANON, eccl. law. This word is taken from the Greek, and signifies a rule or law. In ecclesiastical law, it is also used to designate an order of religious persons. Francis Duaren says, the reason why the ecclesiastics called the rules they established canons or rules, (canones id est regulas) and not laws, was modesty. They did not dare to call them (leges) laws, lest they should seem to arrogate to themselves the authority of princes and magistrates. De Sacris Ecclesiae Ministeriis, p. 2, in pref. See Law, Canon.

LAW, CANON. The canon law is a body of Roman ecclesiastical law, relative to such matters as that church either has or pretends to have the proper jurisdiction over:
     2. This is compiled from the opinions of the ancient Latin fathers, the decrees of general councils, and the decretal epistles and bulls of the holy see. All which lay in the same confusion and disorder as the Roman civil law, till about the year 1151, when one Gratian, an Italian monk, animated by the discovery of Justinian's Pandects, reduced the ecclesiastical constitutions also into some method, in three books, which he entitled Concordia discordantium canonum, but which are generally known by the name of Decretum Gratiani. These reached as low as the time of Pope Alexander III. The subsequent papal decrees to the pontificate of Gregory IX., were published in much the same method, under the auspices of that pope, about the year 1230, in five books, entitled Decretalia Gregorii noni. A sixth book was added by Boniface VIII., about the year 1298, which is called Sextus decretalium. The Clementine constitution or decrees of Clement V., were in like manner authenticated in 1317, by his successor, John XXII., who also published twenty constitutions of his own, called the Extravagantes Joannis, all of which in some manner answer to the novels of the civil law. To these have since been added some decrees of the later popes, in five books called Extravagantes communes. And all these together, Gratian's Decrees, Gregory's Decretals, the Sixth Decretals, the Clementine Constitutions, and the Extravagants of John and his successors, form the Corpus juris canonici, or body of the Roman canon law. 1 Bl. Com. 82; Encyclopedie, Droit Canonique, Droit Public Ecclesiastique; Dict. de Jurispr. Droit Canonique; Ersk. Pr. L. Scotl. B. 1, t. 1, s. 10. See, in general, Ayl. Par. Jur. Can. Ang.; Shelf. on M. & D. 19; Preface to Burn's Eccl. Law, by Thyrwhitt, 22; Hale's Hist. C. L. 26-29; Bell's Case of a Putative Marriage, 203; Dict. du Droit Canonique; Stair's Inst. b. 1, t. 1, 7.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Cistercians questioned Benedictine liturgical traditions; the Canons Regular challenged their traditional access to the preaching office.
Over the past fifteen years, Pavel Krafl has published extensively in Czech and Polish on the Augustinian canons regular and on their confraternities.
In addition, one could argue that the international Order of the Holy Cross, with twelve houses spread throughout France, should have been mentioned in the section on Canons Regular.
They also look at those texts in the collections of canons regular, Dominicans, Carmelites, Augustinians, Franciscans, and in Oxford.
Then there are the Canons Regular of Premontre who, along with some Cistercian abbots, wore white birettas.