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1) n. from Latin for caput, meaning "head," the basic assets of a business (particularly corporations or partnerships) or of an individual, including actual funds, equipment and property as distinguished from stock in trade, inventory, payroll, maintenance and services. 2) adj. related to the basic assets or activities of a business or individual, such as capital account, capital assets, capital expenditure, and capital gain or loss. 3) n. an amount of money a person owns, as in "how much capital do you have to put into this investment?" as distinguished from the amount which must be financed. (See: capital account, capital assets, capital gains or losses, stock in trade)
capitalnoun assets, available means, balances, bank annuities, belongings, caput, cash supplies, credits, economic resources, finances, financial provision, financial resources, funds, funds for investment, funds in hand, holdings, income, investment portfolio, investments, line of credit, liquid assets, money, pecuniary resources, property, ready cash, receipts, reserves, resources, revenue, savings, sors, working assets
Associated concepts: authorized capital, capital account, capital assets, capital budget, capital case, capital construccion, capital contribution, capital crime, capital expenditure, capital gains, capital gains tax, capital improvement, capiial in a corporation, capital investment, capital loss, capital of a state, capital offense, capital outlay, capital paid-in, capital project, capital punishment, capital reserve, capital stock, capital surplus, circulating capital, distribution of capptal, equity capital, fixed capital, floating capital, impairrent of capital, reduction of capital, return of capital, stated capital, working capital
Foreign phrases: Excusat aut extenuat delictum in capitallbus quod non operatur idem in civilibus.That excuses or extenuates a wrong in capital cases which would not have the same effect in civil suits.
See also: assets, basic, cardinal, cash, central, deadly, essential, fund, important, leading, master, material, monetary, money, possessions, premium, prime, principal, resource, salient, seat, securities, security, select, share, stellar, stock, substance, treasury
CAPITAL, political economy, commerce. In political economy, it is that
portion of the produce of a country, which may be made directly available
either to support the human species or to the facilitating of production.
2. In commerce, as applied to individuals, it is those objects, whether consisting of money or other property, which a merchant, trader, or other person adventures in an undertaking, or which he contributes to the common stock of a partnership. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1458.
3. It signifies money put out at interest.
4. The fund of a trading company or corporation is also called capital, but in this sense the word stock is generally added to it; thus we say the capital stock of the Bank of North America.