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CAPTURE, war. The taking of property by one belligerent from another.
     2. To make a good capture of a ship, it must be subdued and taken by an enemy in open war, or by way of reprisals, or by a pirate, and with intent to deprive the owner of it.
     3. Capture may be with intent to possess both ship and cargo, or only to seize the goods of the enemy, or contraband goods which are on board: The former is the capture of the ship in the proper sense of the word; the latter is only an arrest and detention, without any design to deprive the owner of it. Capture is deemed lawful, when made by a declared enemy, lawfully commissioned and according to the laws of war; and unlawful, when it is against the rules established by the law of nations. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 4.See, generally, Lee on Captures, passim; 1 Chitty's Com. Law, 377 to 512; 2 Woddes. 435 to 457; 2 Caines' C. Err 158; 7 Johns. R. 449; 3 Caines' R. 155; 11 Johns. R. 241; 13 Johns. R.161; 14 Johns. R. 227; 3 Wheat. 183; 4 Cranch, 436 Mass. 197; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to one version of capture theory, regulatory agencies gradually become sympathetic to the industry they regulate due to their repeated interactions.
(37) Three years later he changed his mind, having realised the spirals could be used as evidence to support his own ideas on the birth and evolution of the solar system, his so called 'Capture theory'--an idea that resonates with accretion principles.
George Stigler, who first developed the Capture Theory, cited occupational licensing as a prime example of market capture.
To some degree this standard is consistent with capture theory. At present, a state action is immune from federal antitrust challenge only with the active involvement of the state legislature.
The codon capture theory follows almost immediately.
This article presents time-series evidence of the capture theory of regulation developed in the economics literature for the past three decades.
Contrary to the predictions of capture theory, the first mover in Martin's triune system is usually the executive branch.
The authors, reasonably enough, reject a rational actor/autonomous bureaucracy model of the type that might have appealed to Hegel or Weber which leaves some form of "capture theory" where the State is seen as either colonized by various interest groups (conservative variant) or as the "Executive Committee of the ruling class" (radical variety).
The capture theory of regulation introduced by George Stigler (1971) complements the theory of rent seeking.
However, some assertions, particularly "capture theory," challenge traditional theory.
Stigler's (1971) capture theory suggests that a powerful industry lobby will encourage regulators to set rates at levels that favor the industry.