lesion

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Related to Carious lesion: incipient decay

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pulp exposure after stepwise versus direct complete excavation of deep carious lesions in young posterior permanent teeth.
The studies carried out using this technique revealed that the early carious lesions in enamel can be distinguished from the sound areas.
The greatest number of "disagree" responses to the statement, "Many patients (or parents of patients) would not accept treatment of dental caries with SDF due to the permanent black staining of the carious lesion" were from respondents who were currently practicing in community or public health settings.
In the public sector, where there are long waiting lists for treatment, Riva Star has profound benefits for the triage of carious lesions focusing on stopping the caries rather than restoring the teeth.
(14.) Baysan A, Beighton D, Assessment of the ozone-mediated killing of bacteria in infected dentine associated with non-cavitated occlusal carious lesions. Caries Res.
The clinical evaluation of groups C2 and E2 was done by week 13, noting that group C2 presented 10 new carious lesions, 8 of which were on enamel (severity 3) and 2 on dentin (severity 4 and 5).
Thylstrup, "A clinical and microbiological study of deep carious lesions during stepwise excavation using long treatment intervals," Caries Research, vol.
Greater risk of new carious lesions in both primary and permanent dentitions.
For each participant, the samples of dental plaque were obtained from carious lesions and from healthy dental surfaces.
Photo: Left: Artifically created carious lesion in human enamel, concealed by a 20-micron-thick cover, viewed with polarizing microscope.
Objectives: To estimate the frequency and pattern of sugar intake among Pakistani school going children and its association with early carious lesion and caries history.