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POPE. The chief of the catholic religion is so called. He is a temporal prince. He is elected by certain officers called cardinals, and remains in power during life. In the 9th Collation of the Authentics it is declared the bishop of Rome hath the first place of sitting in all assemblies, and the bishop of Constantinople the second. Ridley's View, part 1, chap. 3, sect. 10.
     2. The pope has no political authority in the United States.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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One woman wrote Franklin Roosevelt, Smith's successor as New York governor, that she was told "If Governor Smith is elected president, the pope's son will become his secretary.'' Roosevelt responded that it was his understanding that Catholic popes were not allowed to father children.
The editors are to be commended for the organization and wealth of material they have amassed, but there are a number of "voices" that have disappeared in this edition, such as the Catholic popes, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Daniel Callahan, James Childress, Charles Curran, Margaret Farley, Bernhard Haring, Edmund Pellegrino, and many other pioneers in the field.
Roger Schutz, deeply impressed by the great deficiency of the church because of its lack of visible oneness, drew the admiration and emulation of many, including Catholic popes. Scatena presents the reader with a survey of major influences on Schutz, accentuating two periods: 1936-42 (his years of training in Lausanne and Strasbourg and the challenges of World War I1) and 1959-62 (ferment immediately preceding Vatican II).

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