Central

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Related to Central diabetes insipidus: Desmopressin, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, SIADH

CENTRAL. Relating to the centre, or placed in the centre; as, the central courts of the United States, are those located in the city of Washington, whose jurisdiction extends over the whole country. These are, first, the Senate of the United States, when organized to try impeachments; secondly, the Supreme Court of the United States.
     2. The government of the United States is the central government.

References in periodicals archive ?
Central diabetes insipidus as presenting symptom of Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
Management of central diabetes insipidus with oral desmopressin lyophilisate in infants.
Central diabetes insipidus in a dog with a pro-opiomelanocortin-producing pituitary tumor not causing hyperadrenocorticism.
In summary, we believe this represents one of the first reported cases of central diabetes insipidus in the setting of baclofen and quetiapine toxicity, though it is not clear which drug was responsible.
Desmopressin acetate, a synthetic analogue of the natural pituitary hormone ADH, is used in the management of central diabetes insipidus. Administration of desmopressin results in increased resorption of electrolyte-free water, with subsequently decreased urinary flow and increased urine osmolality (MicroMedex Healthcare Series, 2008).
Inadequate secretion of ADH defines central diabetes insipidus (CDI), while the nephrogenic condition (NDI) results from an insufficient renal response to ADH.
DDAVP tablets are indicated as an antidiuretic replacement therapy for central diabetes insipidus, and in the management of temporary polyuria and polydipsia and of primary nocturnal enuresis.
Glu-47, which forms a salt bridge between neurophysin-II and arginine vasopressin, is detected in patients with familial central diabetes insipidus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1993;77:600-4.
In response, the kidney's collecting tubules absorb more water so the effective osmolality of the blood is maintained near a normal range.[62] In central diabetes insipidus, since the kidneys fail to reabsorb water, the osmoreceptors sense dehydration.
She is receiving Na l-thyroxine (2 mcg/kg/day) for hypothyroidism, sublingual lyophilized DDAVP tablet (30 [micro]g two times a day) for central diabetes insipidus, hydrocortisone (10 mg/[m.sup.2]/day) for adrenal insufficiency, combined estrogen-progesterone pills for hypogonadism, and a diabetic diet for diabetes mellitus.
Twenty-one (40.3%) presented with central diabetes insipidus. The median ages of the above disorders were 43 (35-66), 36 (32-42), 64 (52-77), and 53 (39-55), respectively, with p <0.0001.

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