The portal and central veins
were also dilated and congested (Fig.
Thrombolytic therapy for central vein
occlusion: results of a pilot study.
Caption: Figure 8: Inflammatory cell infiltration around the central vein
in the liver.
(a) Photomicrograph of a section in the liver of group VI showing dilated central vein
with many cells in the lumen (C).
Light microscopic examination of the central vein
was done for the presence or absence of congestion.
Most therapies of central vein
stenosis are evolved as designed for management of arterial lesions.
Three-dimensional contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (3-D CE-MRA) in the evaluation of hemodialysis access complications, and the condition of central veins
in patients who are candidates for hemodialysis access.
Significantly lower VEGF-antibody reaction in peritumoral tissue was observed in group A compared with group B (P = 0.009 for staining intensity at the portal triad, P = 0.004 for percentage antibody reaction, and P = 0.001 for staining intensity at the central vein
; Table and Fig.
(b) 3D rendering of contrasted central vein
(star) with branches (white arrows), some diffuse contrast enhancement in the periphery (plus).
When comparing all cardiac hepatopathy cases with only subacute and chronic Budd-Chiari cases (ie, removing the acute cases), sinusoidal fibrosis remained more common in the cardiac hepatopathy group (92% versus 53%, P = .007), but fibrosis around the central vein
became equally common in both diagnoses (92% versus 76%, P = .19).
Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the thorax showed chronic occlusion of the left-sided central veins
with the presence of a cervical collateral venous flow from the left to the right side reaching the nonoccluded right-sided central veins
, specifically the confluence to the right innominate vein (IV) and, as part of the collateral circulation, a transverse connecting, in parts quite tortuous, and u-shape midline jugular vein measuring about 3 mm in diameter (Figure 1).
stenosis/occlusion is a common well-described sequel to the placement of hemodialysis catheters in the central venous system [1, 2].