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A secretary, secretary of state, or minister of a king or other high nobleman.

The king's chancellor in England during the Middle Ages was given a variety of duties, including drawing up writs that permitted the initiation of a lawsuit in one of the common-law courts and deciding disputes in a way that gave birth to the system of law called Equity. His governmental department was called the Chancery.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer in England is like the secretary of the U.S. treasury, but in former times he also presided over a court called the Court of Exchequer, which at first heard disputes over money owed to the king but eventually heard a wide variety of cases involving money. This jurisdiction was founded on the theory that a creditor who could not collect a debt would later be less able to pay whatever he owed to the king.

Chancellor has also been used as the title for a judge who sits in a court of equity, for the president of a university, or for the public official in charge of higher education in some states.


n. from the old English legal system, a chancellor is a judge who sits in what is called a chancery (equity) court with the power to order something be done (as distinguished from just paying damages.) Almost all states now combine chancery (equity) functions and law in the same courts. (See: equity)



CHANCELLOR. An officer appointed to preside over a court of chancery, invested with various powers in the several states.
     2. The office of chancellor is of Roman origin. He appears, at first, to have been a chief scribe or secretary, but he was afterwards invested with judicial power, and had superintendence over the other officers of the empire. From the Romans, the title and office passed to the church, and therefore every bishop of the catholic church has, to this day, his chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. When the modern kingdoms of Europe were established upon the ruins of the empire, almost every state preserved its chancellor, with different jurisdictions and dignities, according to their different constitutions. In all he seems to have had a supervision of all charters, letters, and such other public instruments of the crown, as were authenticated in the most solemn manner; and when seals came into use, he had the custody of the public seal.
     3. An officer bearing this title is to be found in most countries of Europe, and is generally invested with extensive authority. The title and office of chancellor came to us from England. Many of our state constitutions provide for the appointment of this officer, who is by them, and by the law of the several states, invested with power as they provide. Vide Encyclopedie, b. t.; Encycl.. Amer. h.t.; Dict. de Jur. h.t.; Merl. Rep. h.t.; 4 Vin. Ab. 374; Blake's Ch. Index, h.t.; Woodes. Lect. 95.

References in periodicals archive ?
Will he and Government, therefore, explore supporting my call in asking the Chancellor of the Exchequer to remove VAT from fluoride toothpastes to help and encourage parents to join the Government in the fight against tooth decay in Welsh children?
Sir Geoffrey Howe, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1979-1983, named his dog Budget.
Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling revealed to MPs that his Treasury Secretary Angela Eagle will make a statement on the issue to the House of Commons.
Mr Brown's remit is already considerably wider than would generally be expected from the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown (pictured) will unveil a new children's centre on Friday.
He was appointed to the cabinet as President of the Board of Trade in 1905 and, as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1908, introduced the 'People's Budget' - higher taxes to fund social programmes.
My motion calls on the Chancellor of the Exchequer to introduce a levy on the manufacturers so that, for every packet of chewing gum bought, a couple of pence is taken in the form of a levy.
Pupils at Long Lawford Primary, which would be in the shadow of the international airport proposed at Church Lawford, have been flooded with replies from people ranging from former Chancellor of the Exchequer Kenneth Clarke to Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams, since they started a concerted campaign last month.
1952: Members of the TUC's economic committee were meeting at the Treasury to discuss with the Chancellor of the Exchequer the union's demands for equal pay for women.
He is responsible for two studies of spectrum management carried out for the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the UK.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer, said: Our long term economic plan is about delivering jobs and growth across all parts of Britain, and three quarters of the net new private sector jobs created since 2010 have been outside London.
GEORGE Osborne's lack of ambition for Britain is the most depressing side of a failed Chancellor of the Exchequer.

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