Charter


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Charter

A grant from the government of ownership rights in land to a person, a group of people, or an organization such as a corporation.

A basic document of law of a Municipal Corporation granted by the state, defining its rights, liabilities, and responsibilities of self-government.

A document embodying a grant of authority from the legislature or the authority itself, such as a corporate charter.The leasing of a mode of transportation, such as a bus, ship, or plane. A charter-party is a contract formed to lease a ship to a merchant in order to facilitate the conveyance of goods.

charter

n. the name for Articles of Incorporation in some states, as in a corporate charter.

CHARTER. A grant made by the sovereign either to the whole people or to a portion of them, securing to them the enjoyment of certain rights. Of the former kind is the late charter of France, which extended to the whole country; the charters which were granted to the different American colonies by the British government were charters of the latter species. 1 Story, Const. L. Sec. 161; 1 Bl. Com. 108 Encycl. Amer. Charte Constitutionelle.
     2. A charter differs from a CONSTITUTION in this, that the former is granted by the sovereign, while the latter is established by the people themselves : both are the fundamental law of the land.
     3. This term is susceptible of another signification. During the middle ages almost every document was called carta, charta, or chartula. In this sense the term is nearly synonymous with deed. Co. Litt. 6; 1 Co. 1; Moor. Cas. 687.
     4. The act of the legislature creating a corporation, is called its charter. Vide 3 Bro. Civ. and Adm. Law, 188; Dane's Ab. h.t.

CHARTER, mar. contr. An agreement by which a vessel is hired by the owner to another; as A B chartered the ship Benjamin Franklin to C D.

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Charter schools are independent, non-sectarian, tuition-free public
schools that operate pursuant to a limited-duration charter, or
increased accountability." (21) The charter outlines the goals of
achievement the school will attain, and the length of the charter
charter period the school fails to attract students and to abide by its
of its charter, or generally fails to raise achievement among its
The charter school concept appeals to the education reform
(25) The relatively limited regulation that charter
traditional public or private schools, charter schools typically admit
educational marketplace for schools by providing turnover for charter
The charter school movement developed in the early 1980s, in part
used the phrase "charter school" to describe publicly funded