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A grant from the government of ownership rights in land to a person, a group of people, or an organization such as a corporation.

A basic document of law of a Municipal Corporation granted by the state, defining its rights, liabilities, and responsibilities of self-government.

A document embodying a grant of authority from the legislature or the authority itself, such as a corporate charter.The leasing of a mode of transportation, such as a bus, ship, or plane. A charter-party is a contract formed to lease a ship to a merchant in order to facilitate the conveyance of goods.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the name for Articles of Incorporation in some states, as in a corporate charter.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

CHARTER. A grant made by the sovereign either to the whole people or to a portion of them, securing to them the enjoyment of certain rights. Of the former kind is the late charter of France, which extended to the whole country; the charters which were granted to the different American colonies by the British government were charters of the latter species. 1 Story, Const. L. Sec. 161; 1 Bl. Com. 108 Encycl. Amer. Charte Constitutionelle.
     2. A charter differs from a CONSTITUTION in this, that the former is granted by the sovereign, while the latter is established by the people themselves : both are the fundamental law of the land.
     3. This term is susceptible of another signification. During the middle ages almost every document was called carta, charta, or chartula. In this sense the term is nearly synonymous with deed. Co. Litt. 6; 1 Co. 1; Moor. Cas. 687.
     4. The act of the legislature creating a corporation, is called its charter. Vide 3 Bro. Civ. and Adm. Law, 188; Dane's Ab. h.t.

CHARTER, mar. contr. An agreement by which a vessel is hired by the owner to another; as A B chartered the ship Benjamin Franklin to C D.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1853, when the town was granted its Charter of Incorporation, the new council commissioned a coat of arms and a motto.
It was January 20, 1345, that King Edward III granted the men of Coventry their charter of incorporation.
It's an historic position, dating from November 5, 1838, when a Charter of Incorporation appointed Birmingham as a parliamentary borough which permitted Brum to have an elected town council with its own mayor.
Solihull received its Charter of Incorporation as a borough from the hands of Princess Margaret yesterday.
AS Councillor Khan is our lead on tourism, I wonder how far his plans are advanced to commemorate any of the following, which take place in 2015: 670 years since we gained our Charter of Incorporation, the first town in Britain to be given this honour.
Representatives of almost every section of the town's social and industrial life, together with the three leaders of the main political parties, supported Brierley Hill Urban Council's application for a charter of incorporation as a borough at a public inquiry yesterday.
We know we were the capital of England in the 15th century: we know that our charter of incorporation was granted in 1182 when Birmingham was "a collection of shacks".
This was also the case in the early days of the mayoralty, after Birmingham got its charter of incorporation in the 1830s.
Coventry's rare and extensive collection of medieval records boasts a hidden gem - the 1350 Charter of Incorporation, generally recognised as the charter which made Coventry a city.
100 YEARS AGO: The inhabitants of Aston Manor were recently asked to support a movement for obtaining a charter of incorporation and they replied to the effect that they could not see what a Mayor and a Corporation would do for them.

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