affinity

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Affinity

The relationship that a person has to the blood relatives of a spouse by virtue of the marriage.

The doctrine of affinity developed from a Maxim of Canon Law that a Husband and Wife were made one by their marriage. There are three types of affinity. Direct affinity exists between the husband and his wife's relations by blood, or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood. Secondary affinity is between a spouse and the other spouse's relatives by marriage. Collateral affinity exists between a spouse and the relatives of the other spouse's relatives. The determination of affinity is important in various legal matters, such as deciding whether to prosecute a person for Incest or whether to disqualify a juror for bias.

affinity

the relationship or connection between one spouse and the blood relatives of the other. See CONSANGUINITY.

AFFINITY. A connexion formed by marriage, which places the husband in the same degree of nominal propinquity to the relations of the wife, as that in which she herself stands towards them, and gives to the wife the same reciprocal connexion with the relations of the husband. It is used in contradistinction to consanguinity. (q.v.) It is no real kindred.
     2. Affinity or alliance is very different from kindred. Kindred are relations. by blood; affinity is the tie which exists between one of the spouses with the kindred of the other; thus, the relations, of my wife, her brothers, her sisters, her uncles, are allied to me by affinity, and my brothers, sisters, &c., are allied in the same way to my wife. But my brother and the sister of my wife are not allied by the ties of affinity: This will appear by the following paradigms


     My wife's father ---|
     | |
     | |
     -----------------| |
     | | |-- are all allied to me. Ego ----- My Wife My wife's sister ---|
     | |
     My wife's niece ---|
     My wife's father ---|
     My Father | | |My brother
     | | | |and my wife's
     | | | |sister are
    |---------------| |----------| |not allied
    | | | | |to each other My brother Ego ---- My wife, My wife's sister |


     3. A person cannot, by legal succession, receive an inheritance from a relation by affinity; neither does it extend to the nearest relations of husband and wife, so as to create a mutual relation between them. The degrees of affinity are computed in the same way as those of consanguinity. See Pothier, Traite du Mariage, part 3, ch. 3, art. 2, and see 5 M. R. 296; Inst. 1, 10, 6; Dig. 38, 10, 4, 3; 1 Phillim. R. 210; S. C. 1 Eng. Eccl. R. 72; article Marriage.

References in periodicals archive ?
This would indicate that the progressive elimination of SAN and B low MW species from ABS tends to increase the chemical affinity between PC and SAN, decreasing the interfacial tension, as shown by some authors [8, 9].
In the early 1860s, Berthelot became interested in reaction velocities, mechanisms, and chemical affinity; aspects which were later to be included in the field of physical chemistry.
Getters are characterized by their chemical affinity for different gases and by the diffusivity of each chemisorbed species into the bulk of the getter material.
Researchers believe that the iron in steel has a chemical affinity for the carbon in diamonds, which leads to the abbreviated tool life.
Many EPDM materials have excellent physical properties, but their chemical affinity for metal is said to make them difficult to process, according to the company.
Since it separates molecules according to their chemical affinity for whatever coating is used in the separation column, it can exploit subtle differences between closely related compounds to obtain a clear separation between them.
Under General Chemistry the topics discussed are: Chemical Affinity, Saturation, Neutralization, Decomposition, and related topics.
Many EPDM materials have excellent physical properties, but their chemical affinity for metal makes them difficult to process, according to the company.
The liquid may have a chemical affinity for the solid (s) (ref.

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