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Related to chose: Chose in action


[French, Thing.] Chattel; item of Personal Property.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


‘a thing’.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CHOSE, property. This is a French word, signifying thing. In law, it is applied to personal property; as choses in possession, are such personal things of which one has possession; choses in action, are such as the owner has not the possession, but merely a right of action for their possession. 2 Bl. Com. 889, 397; 1 Chit. Pract. 99; 1 Supp. to Ves. Jr. 26, 59. Chitty defines choses in actions to be rights to receive or recover a debt, or money, or damages for breach of contract, or for a tort connected with contract, but which cannot be enforced without action, and therefore termed choses, or things in action. Com. Dig. Biens; Harr. Dig. Chose in Action Chitty's Eq. Dig. b. t. Vide 1 Ch. Pr. 140.
     2. It is one of the qualities of a chose in action, that, at common law, it is not assignable. 2 John. 1; 15 Mass. 388; 1 Cranch, 367. But bills of exchange and promissory notes, though choses in action, may be assigned by indorsement, when payable to order, or by delivery when payable to bearer. See Bills of Exchange.
     3. Bonds are assignable in Pennsylvania, and perhaps some other states, by virtue of statutory provisions.Inequity, however, all choses in action are assignable and the assignee has an equitable right to enforce the fulfilment of the obligation in the name of the assignor. 4 Mass. 511; 3 Day. 364; 1 Wheat. 236; 6 Pick. 316 9 ow. 34; 10 Mass. 316; 11 Mass. 157, n. 9 S. & R. 2441; 3 Yeates, 327; 1 Binn. 429; 5 Stew. & Port. 60; 4 Rand. 266; 7 Conn. 399; 2 Green, 510; Harp. 17; Vide, generally, Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     4. Rights arising ex delicto are not assignable either at law or in equity.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
African American women chose similar or greater numbers of each type of myomectomy and uterine embolization as white women chose.
Adrian Ramos chose to remain in Germany and Crystal Palace chose to keep Wayne Hennessey.
On the question between cats and dogs, Caitriona and Sam chose cats while Tobias chose dogs.
Out of the people who chose heroin/cocaine and other drugs as the most dangerous substance, the majority of them were people aged 18-24 with 20% of the votes while another 19% of 18-24 year olds chose marijuana, the top age group for that drug.
This will help both Brew Star and the industry in genera,l but Dawn, who herself chose not to drink until she was 21 because of a bad experience, says it's not just a matter of education about how beer's brewed.
Whereas 65 percent chose US, while just ten percent chose China, in 2000, says the Gallup polls.
Picking up on the ongoing (and in some circles very vocal) debate on global warming, editors at The New Oxford American Dictionary chose carbon neutral as its word of the year.
In a ninth-grade class, Bobby's favorite book was The Call of the Wild, Tyler chose Through Cougar's Eyes, and Evan said "books on sports." Andy didn't look up but answered my question with, "I'd rather read magazines." Taylor said he preferred nonfiction articles in Sports Illustrated and that he liked The Andromeda Strain but only read it because his teacher said he had to choose fiction.
In establishing the control, we chose what we thought would be more specific (rather than sensitive) symptoms of CRS.
A number of survey respondents indicated that they chose to rent in a preferred school district when owning in the area was not within their budget.