Kaijage, "Supercontinuum generation in square photonic crystal fiber with nearly zero ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion
and fabrication tolerance analysis," Optics Communications, vol.
Banerjee, "Chromatic dispersion
in single mode fibers with arbitrary index profiles: A simple method for exact numerical evaluation," J.
In the previous sections, we numerically demonstrated that the proposed fiber has an exceptional chromatic dispersion
flatness with low dispersion slope and large effective area in the S+C+L communication band.
[2.] J.Zhao, L.-K Chen, C.K.Chan," A Novel Re-modulation Scheme to Achieve Colorless High-Speed WDM-PON with Enhanced Tolerance to Chromatic Dispersion
and Re-modulation Misalignment",OFC/NFOEC, (2007) 1-3
Kim., "An Electronic Domain Chromatic Dispersion
Monitoring Scheme Insensitive to OSNR Using Kurtosis," Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, vol.
To meet the emerging metrology needs of the telecommunications industry, NIST scientists have significantly improved NISTs measurement capabilities for chromatic dispersion
. Dispersion causes data pulses in optical fiber systems to broaden, resulting in transmission errors.
Soliton technology uses the nonlinear properties of the material employed, making transmission much more robust to the effects of chromatic dispersion
. Using this technique, a separate pump laser is required to provide an energy boost since no transmission medium is perfect and the optical fibres require extra energy to retain their original shape and energy.
High-speed EMLs are ideal for long distance transmission due to their small chirp and low chromatic dispersion
To ensure efficient chromatic dispersion
compensation, it is necessary to keep the length of the cyclically extended guard interval longer than the delay spread caused by chromatic dispersion
On the other hand, Forzati, Berntson, and M[grados]artensson (2008) demonstrate that asynchronous phase modulation increases transmission for the NRZ-OOK system in ultra-long distance WDM systems; in the same line of analysis, we find Alzate and Cardenas (2011), who highlight advanced modulation formats for the transmission of 40/100Gb/s, compared to the standard technology of 10Gb/s, on optical fiber in short and long distance, as well as some degradations caused by: noise produced by optical amplifiers, chromatic dispersion
, PMD and effects of fiber nonlinearities.
By using the single sideband suppression mode there is a better reduction of chromatic dispersion
and requires less bandwidth for the transmission of data.
(iii) Intramodal: it is also known as chromatic dispersion
when the index of refraction changes with frequency inside the material.