circular reasoning

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Another weakness of this book is Bruckner's closed-circuit (if you will), circular reasoning. Bruckner begins by admitting that he has never been wealthy enough to forget about money, or poor enough to neglect its accumulation or necessity.
Then the authors went above and beyond merely writing a paper for a journal, by adding six call-out sections, referred to as "Casting Doubt," such as the topic of Circular Reasoning. Young-earth writers and advocates typically do not appreciate or understand radiocarbon dating correctly, so they can only raise doubt about the reliability of the results.
If it sounds like circular reasoning that results in always being in a position where you can't lose, you're right.
If Phelan is an intentionalist, he is also a functionalist: "rhetorical poetics consistently subordinates its claims about the nature of any element to its concern with how somebody uses that element in the service of accomplishing some purpose(s) in relation to somebody else." Apart from involving the risk of circular reasoning (use x of element y therefore z and z therefore use x of element y ...), Phelan's brand of functionalism or hyperfunctionalism leads him to neglect the possibility that not every element in a narration functions well or is necessary.
That is what makes me an expert on pies." I do not care that this is circular reasoning. Facts mean nothing these days.
In addition to appearing to engage in circular reasoning, Harman fails to explain why this argument should not apply to late-term abortions, assaults on the mother that result in the death of the fetus, or even the murder of born persons (through presumably it is because she thinks there is some other reason they would have moral status).
This is, effectively, circular reasoning. One can't assume that India will meet its Paris targets because of the price of coal, since ensuring that coal will be expensive assumes that India's government is committed to its Paris targets!
Torlina points out that much research into the social hierarchy is based on circular reasoning, or a closed loop.
Caption: Circular reasoning Shrinking of the Tethys Ocean fueled Pangaea's breakup, a scientist proposes.
On the whole, Guilding dextrously avoids what can become circular reasoning and a historical sweeping statements in other hands.
The series would include between six and nine additional parts, ranging from "Circular Reasoning" to "Slippery Slope" to "Sweeping Generalizations."
Despite his criticism of circular reasoning with regard to other theories of Biblical authorship in Chapter 2, Dr.