Citizen


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citizen

n. person who by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or by going through the naturalization process has sworn loyalty to a nation. The United States has traditionally taken the position that an American citizen is subject to losing his/her citizenship if he/she commits acts showing loyalty to another country, including serving in armed forces potentially unfriendly to the United States, or voting in a foreign county. However, if the foreign nation recognizes dual citizenship (Canada, Israel, and Ireland are common examples) the U. S. will overlook this duality of nationalities.

CITIZEN, persons. One who, under the constitution and laws of the United States, has a right to vote for representatives in congress, and other public officers, and who is qualified to fill offices in the gift of the people. In a more extended sense, under the word citizen, are included all white persons born in the United States, and naturalized persons born out of the same, who have not lost their right as such. This includes men, women, and children.
     2. Citizens are either native born or naturalized. Native citizens may fill any office; naturalized citizens may be elected or appointed to any office under the constitution of the United States, except the office of president and vice-president. The constitution provides, that "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." Art. 4, s. 2.
     3. All natives are not citizens of the United States; the descendants of the aborigines, and those of African origin, are not entitled to the rights of citizens. Anterior to the adoption of the constitution of the United States, each state had the right to make citizens of such persons as it pleased. That constitution does not authorize any but white persons to become citizens of the United States; and it must therefore be presumed that no one is a citizen who is not white. 1 Litt. R. 334; 10 Conn. R. 340; 1 Meigs, R. 331.
     4. A citizen of the United States, residing in any state of the Union, is a citizen of that state. 6 Pet. 761 Paine, 594;1 Brock. 391; 1 Paige, 183 Metc. & Perk. Dig. h.t.; vide 3 Story's Const. Sec. 1687 Bouv. Inst. Index, b. t.; 2 Kent, Com. 258; 4 Johns. Ch. R. 430; Vatt. B. 1, c. Id, Sec. 212; Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 2, s. 1. Vide Body Politic; Inhabitant.

References in periodicals archive ?
The law also states that a senior citizen may, on completion of his 60 years of age, apply for the senior citizen card aimed at ensuring the privileges mentioned in the law.
'As of today over 1 million citizens have registered at Pakistan Citizens Portal within 8 months of its launch.
If the amount of compensation paid on a loan is several times larger than the size of the loan after devaluation, how will a citizen be compensated?
Citizen and Bulova will continue to operate as separate brands, building upon their very distinctive identities in the market with their unique, award winning designs and technologies.
The Founding Fathers used the definition of natural born citizen from Emmerich de Vattel's Law of Nations.
Muscat, April 25 (ONA) The number of national workforce working in the private sector in return for wages rose during the first quarter of this year by / 3.3 / percent to reach 214.130 citizens, compared to 207.261 citizens during the same period of 2014.
Data also indicates an increases of 31.3 per cent and 16.7 per cent respectively in the registered births of citizens and non-citizens throughout the Emirate in the same years.
Separately, the Public Technology Institute's Citizen-Engaged Community Designation program recognizes local governments that achieve high standards in citizen participation, service delivery, and democratic accountability.
"The topic coverage on blogs and citizen new sites is generally narrow and the sourcing is light," Duffy added.
TBOR may be riddled with cumbersome calculations and detailed procedures, but it offers an opportunity for substantive citizen involvement in the county budget process.
They will also show how local officials can use these tools to receive feedback and ideas about citizen concerns and needs.
While kings and tyrants ruled over most city-states in ancient Greece, the citizens of Athens developed a new form of government called "democracy," meaning government by the people.