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A process of a participatory democracy that empowers the people to propose legislation and to enact or reject the laws at the polls independent of the lawmaking power of the governing body.

The purpose of an initiative, which is a type of election commenced and carried out by the people, is to permit the electorate to resolve questions where their elected representatives fail to do so or refuse to proceed with a change that the public desires.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INITIATIVE, French law. The name given to the important prerogative given by the charte constitutionelle, art. 16, to the late king to propose through his ministers projects of laws. 1 Toull. n. 39. See Veto.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
While citizen initiatives are not, strictly speaking, a fiscal institution, they have the potential to influence the size of government and policy.
Adopting more descriptive covenants such as this could prove crucial in determining whether or not a citizen initiative limiting the ability to collect, impose, or raise rates has impaired the contract between the issuer and the bondholder.
This week's Citizen Initiative Review panelists have spent the week checked into a downtown Salem hotel that adjoins a conference center where they've met every day.
Last year, he said, the legislature considered three amendments to the citizen initiative process.
This year's total includes 65 legislative referrals, 74 citizen initiatives, four popular referenda and two advisory measures.
Pickens recommended--on behalf of the select committee--that the citizen initiative process be preserved.
The campaign will see the organisation of the second edition of the national competition for the best citizen initiative for the preservation and promotion of human rights in Tunisia.
Twenty-four states, in varying degrees, allow citizens to change state law or the state constitution by obtaining enough valid signatures to place a citizen initiative on the ballot.
The Gladstone Democrat said the only viable options were to pass the Senate's constitutional amendment or to bag the legislative effort and try for a citizen initiative.
(TAP) -- A citizen initiative will be launched soon to rally independents around a national project.
23, 2011 (TAP) - A citizen initiative to provide medicine and foodstuff to the brotherly Libyan people was launched on Wednesday in Tunis.
On April 30, the "Mouatinoun" initiative announced its intention to participate in the next legislative elections through unified lists with other citizen initiatives and to prepare a joint strategy with "Ncharek" in order to bring together the biggest number of citizen initiatives in unified lists.