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A process of a participatory democracy that empowers the people to propose legislation and to enact or reject the laws at the polls independent of the lawmaking power of the governing body.

The purpose of an initiative, which is a type of election commenced and carried out by the people, is to permit the electorate to resolve questions where their elected representatives fail to do so or refuse to proceed with a change that the public desires.

See: initial, original, overture, preparatory, rudimentary

INITIATIVE, French law. The name given to the important prerogative given by the charte constitutionelle, art. 16, to the late king to propose through his ministers projects of laws. 1 Toull. n. 39. See Veto.

References in periodicals archive ?
Effectively managing these change elements becomes more complicated when the underlying legal framework is subject to actual and threatened change by citizen initiatives.
In the case of homosexual "marriage," this strategy was used to derail a citizen initiative that was begun to head off an expected court decision on same-sex unions in that state.
It will guarantee that some legitimate citizen initiatives will be blocked," said Carmen Balber of Consumer Watchdog.
The citizen initiative process is probably an easier campaign," Hunt said, "because you don't have to handle the opponents' arguments that this doesn't belong in the constitution.
The instrument will be a citizen initiative, sponsored by Oregon Right to Die, which will permit "adults to request and obtain prescriptions from doctors to end their life.
October 2011: a citizen initiative was approved by Lake and Peninsula Borough voters prohibiting permits for large resource extraction activities like Pebble.
That's where the Citizen Initiative Review Commission comes in.
23, 2011 (TAP) - A citizen initiative to provide medicine and foodstuff to the brotherly Libyan people was launched on Wednesday in Tunis.
Then he explores changing dynamics between contrasting social forces, including capitalism and socialism, Eastern civilizations and Western development, citizen initiative and state authority, and procedural fairness and control effectiveness.
Melville noted that "there was a concern among the Bar and board that the citizen initiative process was being overused and abused.

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