Civil War

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Civil War

Civil war exists when two or more opposing parties within a country resort to arms to settle a conflict or when a substantial portion of the population takes up arms against the legitimate government of a country. Within International Law distinctions are drawn between minor conflicts like riots, where order is restored promptly, and full-scale insurrections finding opposing parties in political as well as military control over different areas. When an internal conflict reaches sufficient proportions that the interests of other countries are affected, outside states may recognize a state of insurgency. A recognition of insurgency, whether formal or de facto, indicates that the recognizing state regards the insurgents as proper contestants for legitimate power. Although the precise status of insurgents under international law is not well-defined, recognized insurgents traditionally gain the protection afforded soldiers under international rules of law pertaining to war. A state may also decide to recognize the contending group as a belligerent, a status that invokes more well-defined rights and responsibilities. Once recognized as a belligerent party, that party obtains the rights of a belligerent party in a public war, or war between opposing states. The belligerents stand on a par with the parent state in the conduct and settlement of the conflict. In addition, states recognizing the insurgents as belligerents must assume the duties of neutrality toward the conflict.


U.S. Civil War; War.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Critique: A consistently compelling read from beginning to end, "Friends of the Wigwam: A Civil War Story" is a deftly written work of fiction that is quite accurately factual in background details.
Therefore, her greatest success might be the application of elements of environmental history--primarily the impact of nature on human health--to the experience of the Civil War. In particular, she sets her goal as "drawing soldiers into the conversation regarding their own health" (8-9).
Published by Eastern National, "Asians and Pacific Islanders and the Civil War" was produced by the National Park Service: Washington Support Office, Cultural Resources; Southeast Region, Interpretation and Education.
Music just prior to the Civil War (1850 to 1860) will include the "Lincoln Quick Step,'' by Charles Grobe, and Maggie By My Side Grand March,'' by G.W.E.
"The Civil War: Presidents and Religion." Baptist History & Heritage 32, nos.
The Essential Curriculum is owned by the Virginia Center for Civil War Studies, "a formal entity for studying and sharing knowledge" (as described by its mission statement) about the Civil War with "both academic and public audiences." The site is sponsored by Professor William C.
It was around that time that he helped found Company "B" of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, a group of African-American Civil War re-enactors, interpreters, and amateur historians from the region. aia/part4/title.html.Web site features thorough information from PBS on slavery, abolition, fugitive slaves, Northern racism, Westward expansion, and the Civil War. Each section includes a narrative, information about people and events, historical documents, interviews with modern historians, and teacher's guide.
Byline: CIVIL WAR FOOTBALL By Ron Bellamy The Register-Guard
Women in the American Civil War moves beyond the traditional description of women's wartime roles as keepers of the home and the farm.
Twenty one states and the District of Columbia all have Civil War Memorabilia stashed away in their Museums, and "Civil War Museum Treasures: Outstanding Artifacts and the Stories Behind Them" is here to show readers the best of the best of these items and the long, storied tales behind them.