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A popular designation of a legal proceeding between two parties in the courts, instituted by one party to compel another to do himself or herself justice, regardless of whether the action is based upon law or Equity.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a common term for a legal action by one person or entity against another person or entity, to be decided in a court of law, sometimes just called a "suit." The legal claims within a lawsuit are called "causes of action." (See: cause of action, case, suit)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a proceeding in a court of law brought by one party against another.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Civil actions may not be brought against the PBGC after the later of:
Instead, Kennard wrote, "plaintiff has taken the same position--that she was sexually harassed in the course of employment--in two different forums, the workers' compensation proceeding and the civil action against defendants."
Next, it is unquestionable that intentional violations of Miranda will continue to spur future civil actions against law enforcement officers.
[sections] 760.11(5) (1995), one-year statute of limitations for filing civil actions "after the date of determination of reasonable cause by the commission" apply also upon the commission's failure to make any determination as to "reasonable cause" within 180 days as contemplated in FLA.
Susan and Mark MacDonald are seeing lawyers in a bid to bring a civil action against the teenager.
* Civil actions for damages, attorneys' fees, and other appropriate relief by persons suffering harm due to the violation.
Kenny's admissions came in a 476-page deposition in a Texas civil action, brought by one of at least four women he admitted having affairs with.
California requires that civil actions for recovery of damages that were suffered as a result of domestic violence must be brought within three years from the date of the most recent act of violence, or within three years of the discovery that the injury resulted from domestic violence.(7)
Since success was mixed, they sought and won an addition to 1995's HB2644: Survey violations and monetary penalties weren't admissible as proof or evidence in civil actions.
In 1998 five of the priest's victims planned civil actions against him and the archdiocese.
Under VFCP, certain persons can avoid potential ERISA civil actions and the assessment of civil penalties from DOL investigations or civil actions; see 67 Fed.
The appeals court also held that the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA) that barred federal civil actions by prisoners for mental or emotional injuries without a showing of physical injury, did not foreclose an action for nominal or punitive damages for violations that did not involve a physical injury.