civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Telegraph recently revealed that civil servants took home more than PS7.
Across England and Wales as a whole, 29,120 civil servants earned at least PS50,000 in 2014 - roughly equivalent to 7.
The rest of the civil servants work for non-devolved bodies - there were 100 people on more than PS50,000 at Swansea's Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, for example.
The bench accepted all the petitions involving cases of civil servants regarding only financial benefits and in its order declared legal heirs of civil servants will be illegible to plead case of their parents upon their demise which entailed financial benefits inheritable by the legal heirs.
The report said that by the end of last year, more than six out of ten civil servants were women.
He said this while talking to senior civil servants, who were recently promoted to grade 22, who met him here at the PM Secretariat on Thursdays.
A report which examines the effects of high inflation on civil servants was released by the Turkish Health Care Workers' Union (TE-rk Say-lyk-Sen) on Friday.
This is to stop civil servants accumulating more pension.
BEIRUT: The Finance Ministry said Wednesday that the treasury has money to pay the salaries of civil servants for only two months, and any additional funds requires the opening of new allocations by the Cabinet and Parliament.
From April this year, it is planned to increase wages for civil servants by introducing a 10% monthly allowance for special working conditions to the basic salary.
A protest march is planned in central Athens later in the day, while civil servants have penciled in another 48-hour strike on March 19-20.

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