civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
He added that the agreement would benefit the civil service sectors in the two countries.
She indicated that the amendments on the constitution has included all the procedures carried by the committee of the state's reform in which all the recommendations of the civil services committee were absorbed in this Act.
Marriott affirmed the importance of correcting the civil service condition and ending the double dippers, stressing the UK readiness to provide the necessary aid to develop civil service in Yemen.
The Directorate-General of Review and Administrative Follow-up, the Directorate-General of Employment and the Directorate-General of Information and Statistics gave briefings on their tasks and prerogatives, including the ministry"s experience in the field of employment, human resources system, statistics and applications of the civil service law.
Civil Services (Main) Examinations conducted during the month of October/November.
There are very few countries of the world that are satisfied with their public bureaucracies and civil service systems.
Running against the civil service helped Clinton earn his New Democrat bona fides; when he talked about the civil service, he spent most of his time telling people about the jobs he'd cut, not the great ones they could get.
The far-ranging security cooperation of the BMI and Infineon aims at establishing a sound technology basis for an enhanced security level in Information Technology (IT) systems that are used in the Civil Service, in private companies and households.
20 (BNA): Civil Service Bureau (CSB) President Ahmed bin Zayed Al-Zayed received here today the Omani Ambassador to Bahrain Abdulla bin Rashid Al-Madailwi, who submitted to him a request from the Omani Civil Service Minister Shaikh Khalid bin Omar Al-Marhoon to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the two countries in the field of civil service and human resources.
Summary: Riyadh, Safar 19, 1432, Jan 23, 2011, SPA -- The Deputy Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Prince Sultan Ibn Abdulaziz Al Saud has thanked Minister of Civil Services Mohammed Ali Al-Fayiz after reviewing a report of the Ministry of Civil Services for the fiscal year 1430-1431 AH (2009 AD) that.
Srinagar, May 8 (ANI): After cracking civil services examinations, Jammu and Kashmir based Imtiyaz Ismail Parrey has become a celebrity in the backward village of Kulgam, 90 kilometers off Srinagar.
Civil services have not eliminated, but merely revised, many of the old abuses.

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