Civil War

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Civil War

Civil war exists when two or more opposing parties within a country resort to arms to settle a conflict or when a substantial portion of the population takes up arms against the legitimate government of a country. Within International Law distinctions are drawn between minor conflicts like riots, where order is restored promptly, and full-scale insurrections finding opposing parties in political as well as military control over different areas. When an internal conflict reaches sufficient proportions that the interests of other countries are affected, outside states may recognize a state of insurgency. A recognition of insurgency, whether formal or de facto, indicates that the recognizing state regards the insurgents as proper contestants for legitimate power. Although the precise status of insurgents under international law is not well-defined, recognized insurgents traditionally gain the protection afforded soldiers under international rules of law pertaining to war. A state may also decide to recognize the contending group as a belligerent, a status that invokes more well-defined rights and responsibilities. Once recognized as a belligerent party, that party obtains the rights of a belligerent party in a public war, or war between opposing states. The belligerents stand on a par with the parent state in the conduct and settlement of the conflict. In addition, states recognizing the insurgents as belligerents must assume the duties of neutrality toward the conflict.


U.S. Civil War; War.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Erdoy-an said there "might have been tragedies at the time of war," but added that thousands of Turks were also killed by the Armenians during the civil strife.
Throughout 2014, Lebanon experienced waves of political tension and several alarming episodes of civil strife. It was a year full of multilevel verbal offensives as well as physical violence and unrest in the streets, from tit-for-tat kidnapping to road-blocking protests of various kinds.
The Al-Dostour Party strongly condemned the president and the Muslim Brotherhood on Saturday following the clashes, accusing them of pushing the country into civil strife and disregarding public anger and frustration.
Afghanistan's industries were left inoperative due to decades of civil strife and war.
Nena Stoiljkovic, IFC's vice president of business advisory services, said it would seek to tap in to the high economic growth in many of these nations after years of underinvestment during civil strife. "Looking at the kind of growth expected in Africa, it's a place we would like to invest in more," Stoiljkovic said on the sidelines of a conference focusing on business in post-conflict countries in the region.
In conversations with people from all strata of Syrian society, Starr draws together and makes sense of perspectives illustrating why Syria, with its numerous sects and religions, was so prone to violence and civil strife. The author delivers compelling first-hand testimony from both those who suffered and benefited most at the hands of the regime.
Semi-official Iraqiya TV reported that Mutlaq warned from withdrawing confidence from Maliki, which case will indulge the country in civil strife, as reported by Iraqi Media Network.
The case studies include wooing tourists back to Kenya after civil strife, fixing the dent in Toyota's image, a security breach endangers Europe's largest television show, BP's need for effective issues management after the Mexican Gulf oil spill, and the triumph of transparency and calm leadership during the 2010 Chilean mining accident.
More than a year ago, civil strife was just around the corner in Lebanon.
Its valiant troops are deployed in the most inaccessible part of the country where various armed combatants belonging to various feuding tribal factions were continuously engaged in intense civil strife. A large influx of refugees was forced to flee to bordering countries thus creating socio-economic difficulties for the already hard-pressed neighbours.
The petroleum sector in Algeria remains insulated from the country's long civil strife, which does not seem likely to end in the near future, though the Islamist militants of the Sunni/Neo-Salafi order are a tiny minority.