Civil War

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Civil War

Civil war exists when two or more opposing parties within a country resort to arms to settle a conflict or when a substantial portion of the population takes up arms against the legitimate government of a country. Within International Law distinctions are drawn between minor conflicts like riots, where order is restored promptly, and full-scale insurrections finding opposing parties in political as well as military control over different areas. When an internal conflict reaches sufficient proportions that the interests of other countries are affected, outside states may recognize a state of insurgency. A recognition of insurgency, whether formal or de facto, indicates that the recognizing state regards the insurgents as proper contestants for legitimate power. Although the precise status of insurgents under international law is not well-defined, recognized insurgents traditionally gain the protection afforded soldiers under international rules of law pertaining to war. A state may also decide to recognize the contending group as a belligerent, a status that invokes more well-defined rights and responsibilities. Once recognized as a belligerent party, that party obtains the rights of a belligerent party in a public war, or war between opposing states. The belligerents stand on a par with the parent state in the conduct and settlement of the conflict. In addition, states recognizing the insurgents as belligerents must assume the duties of neutrality toward the conflict.


U.S. Civil War; War.

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: In spite of ceaselessly escalating tensions and widespread fears of civil war in Lebanon, domestic and regional factors will likely contain the recent outbreak of street violence and prevent it from erupting into anything like the 1975-90 conflict, analysts told The Daily Star on Tuesday.
Republic of Egos: A Social History of the Spanish Civil War.
The first provides the necessary context, with a series of finely judged essays on the causes and course of the civil wars (John Morrill), on the conflicting political ideas of the period (Martin Dzelzainis), and on "the printing revolution" which led to the dissemination of so many of the texts here discussed (Sharon Achinstein).
Challenging the popular argument that ethnic tensions and ancient political feuds are the primary cause of civil wars, the World Bank said in a report that economic forces such as entrenched poverty and heavy dependence on natural resources are usually to blame.
WHAT IT IS: A monthly dinner-discussion of the Civil War, with presentations and featured speakers.
Firstly, the civil war, as with all civil wars, brought about regional intervention and/or support from different neighboring states.
The book focuses on the major factors that explain civil war: who are the major actors, why do civil wars begin, how are they fought, what is the cost in life and livelihood, what explains their duration, how do they end, and why do they recur.
Bell Irvin Wiley (Jackson, 1959), 146; Rable, Civil Wars, 121; Jane E.
The essays in The English Civil Wars in Literary Imagination allow for less homogeneous consideration.
Civil Wars in South Asia: State, Sovereignty, Development
Part 2 investigates the causes of civil wars in areas such as demographic factors, ethnicity and identity conflict, natural resources, religion and intrastate conflict, globalization and social transition, and environmental change.