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1 a person learned in the civil or Roman law.
2 as an adjective, pertaining to the civil or Roman law.
3 a person not in the armed forces.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CIVILIAN. A doctor, professor, or student of the civil law.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
He appealed to the Security Council "to act with urgency to address this critical situation, in line with its Charter duties and own resolutions, including in particular resolution 2334 (2016), including the necessary measures to ensure the protection of the Palestinian civilian population under this cruel and illegal Israel occupation."
The Pakistan army retaliated and targeted the Indian army post which resulted in firing on the civilian population of AJK.
Corps Commander also visited Rakhchikri sector and expressed deep concern over recent ceasefire violations by Indian Army targeting innocent civilian population. He appreciated effective and befitting response by own troops.
''The UAE backs the United Nations proposal for cessation of military acts for 48 hours to allow delivery of humanitarian assistance to the trapped civilian population, and calls on the international community to give the humanitarian situation in the city a top priority,'' the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation said in a statement today.
This ruling explicitly allows upholding a blockade against ships carrying fuel and food, but international law puts a restriction here in the 'Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions' from 1977: Article 54 (2) puts restraints on those who " attack, destroy, remove, or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population[...]for the specific purpose of denying them for their sustenance value to the civilian population or to the adverse Party, whatever the motive".
The JCC expresses grave concern about the deepening humanitarian crisis and calls for the urgent provision of emergency humanitarian assistance to meet the needs of the civilian population. The JCC strongly condemns all violence against civilians wherever it occurs and urges all parties to respect their obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law.
WASHINGTON (PAN): Protecting the civilian population is the highest priority for international forces in Afghanistan, the United States said on Wednesday, blaming the insurgents for waging a campaign against non-combatants.
Iraq's US occupiers "wasted billions" on ill-planned construction projects while blithely ignoring the concerns of the civilian population following the invasion of 2003, according to a new report.
Although the date for the end of the operation is moving closer, the ambassadors at the meeting are not expected to decide on the termination of the operation in Libya, because there is still a threat to the civilian population. As long as these threats persist NATO's mission will continue.
"The key will be the protection of the civilian population, so when no threat exists against the civilian population then the time will have come to terminate our operation," The Guardian quoted Rasmussen, as saying at the start of the two-day meeting in Brussels, which will include Arab states involved in the campaign.
It was feared the craft could pose a threat to the civilian population of the rebel held coast if left unchecked.
Issuing a press statement on Wednesday, the government also expressed concern about the safety of civilian population and areas in the face of continued air strikes.

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