Jeff Manza and Christopher Uggen (2008) explain that "civil death" (Latin: civiliter
mortuus) and contemporary modern day variants of disenfranchisement laws are rooted in medieval Europe, evolving from ancient Greece's atimia and ancient Rome's infamia (Stanley & Weaver, 2014; Levine, 2009).
Quiring also speaks of the idea of the civiliter
mortuus, which is the consequence of the delinquent's condemnation.
9: reppulisse a corpore eius viatorem, et tribunis retinentibus magis pie quam civiliter
17) This was the mechanism by which a person convicted of crime was deemed civiliter
mortuus--civilly dead, or stripped of all legal and natural rights.
CONGREGATIO PRO DOCTRINA FIDEI, Litterae respicientes matrimonii indissolubilitatem necnon disceptationem de divortio separatis novas nuptias civiliter
ineuntibus ad Fxc.
In the United States, as recently as the early 1900s, married women were deemed to have lost their legal personhood through civiliter
mortua or "civil death" occasioned by the legal union with their husband.
legem positus, and is accounted in law civiliter
mortuus," or, as
VI, 2: "Eterni pia providentia Regis, qui dum celestia sua bonitate perpetua infera nostra despiciendo non deserit, sacrosancto Romanorum Imperio res humanas disposuit gubernandas, ut sub tanti serenitate presidii genus mortale quiesceret, et ubique, natura poscente, civiliter
mortuus: instead of a beheading (capital punishment of decapitation), a person-by a proclamation of Civic death-was either physically expelled beyond the Roman Limes or the "outlawed" was punished by the general communication bar excommunication.
Every person so attained was 'disabled to bring any action; for he is extra legem positus and is accounted in law civiliter
Al prohibir toda violencia por parte del ejercito en Avinon, en campana de liberacion, asi TEODORICO, Variae 3,38: "vivat noster exercitus civiliter
cum Romanis, prosit eis destinata defensio, nec aliquid illos a nostris sinatis pati, quos ab hostili nitimur oppressione liberari".
Impositio fidei criminaliter agere civiliter
agere, Milano, Giuffre, 2007; M.