Muval takes Bujo's insight: "human understanding is more determined not so much by the Cartesian 'Cogito ergo sum,' as by the 'cognatus sum, ergo sum,' or better by the 'cognati
sumus, ergo sumus.' Not even reason can be understood outside of being related." (38) Identity derives from, and is not undermined by, being related.
Gardner reconstructs various stages in the evolution of the praetor's edict to show that these worked for the advantage of the emancipati, first by replacing the inheritance rights of the gens in civil law with that of cognati
(blood relatives) and then by extending the category of the primary heirs, the sui heredes, which had included only descendants still in potestate, to form the category liberi (children), which included emancipated children.
frater suus qui tune fun' et erat presens et alu plures agnati cognati
seu affines et vicini et amici Jacobi Guillelmi supradicti .
prae-] for candido (13: 22), and cognati
for cognatio (14: 17).
In Bellissima, Maddalena vorrebbe andare alla partita col marito e i cognati
mentre la figlia non mangiava dal giorno precedente.