primogeniture

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Primogeniture

The status of being the firstborn child among several children of the same parents. A rule of inheritance at Common Law through which the oldest male child has the right to succeed to the estate of an ancestor to the exclusion of younger siblings, both male and female, as well as other relatives.

primogeniture

n. Latin for "first born," the ancient rule from feudal England (except in the County of Kent) that the oldest son would inherit the entire estate of his parents (or nearest ancestor), and, if there was no male heir, the daughters would take (receive the property) in equal shares. The intent was to preserve larger properties from being broken up into small holdings, which might weaken the power of nobles. It does not exist in the United States.

See: birthright

primogeniture

being first-born. Many legal systems have from time to time and place to place given precedence to the first-born in inheritance. It has the benefit of preserving large hard-won estates. It is not popular with the other children. Concentration of wealth in money as opposed to land has made it much less useful. It no longer applies to ordinary property in the UK.

PRIMOGENITURE. The state of being first born the eldest.
     2. Formerly primogeniture gave a title in cases of descent to the oldest son in preference to the other children; this unjust distinction has been generally abolished in the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Madri e figli nella Toscana moderna, has developed this idea, arguing that the typical agnatic, patrilinear, vertical genealogies of the Renaissance need to be expanded horizontally to construct a bilinear, cognatic picture of the family, one which will allow us access to the legal and affective ties between mothers and children in the early modern period.
Meanwhile, some jurists upheld the entitlement of cognatic descendants of the founder, invoking the transitive principle of interpretation for the sake of a broader, more inclusive definition of kinship.
Hill, Lancaster, Loyn, and Phillpotts, the cognatic arrangement in historical Anglo-Saxon society is indisputable.
Smart delivered a robust defence of his argument and the nub of the difference in approach was that, in Smart's view, Freeman's approach to his Iban material carried 'an unfortunate methodological weakness' in deploying a people's ideational model 'to describe observations based in their phenomenal world'; in this case, with reference to cognatic ideational categories (Smart 1973:4; King 2013:34-7).
Families in each and every longhouse are closely related by cognatic and affinal ties.
26) The first anthropologist to conduct research in this area of Sarawak was Roger Peranio who worked among the Bisaya of Limbang in 1958-59 for his dissertation, 'The structure of Bisaya society: A ranked cognatic social system' (Ph.
also maintains the cognatic family as an alternative reference group with a more variable form and function.
Land Tenure among the Amhara of Ethiopia: The Dynamics of Cognatic Descent, (Chicago: the University of Chicago Press, 1973).
This is a cognatic descent group or 'surname-group' (cf.
Which is more valid: Glasse's (1968) cognatic model of the Huli or Goldman's restoration of emphasis on patrilineal recruitment (Goldman 1983; cf.
The cognatic clan (agan), among these linguistically and culturally related peoples, gives way to a more patrilineal reckoning specifically out of concern for continuing rights to coffee garden land.