Collision


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Related to Collision: elastic collision, Collision theory

Collision

The violent contact of one vehicle—such as an automobile, ship, or boat—with another vehicle.

Collision insurance is a type of policy that motorists purchase to cover property losses in the event of a car accident.

A collision that does not result from the Negligence of either vessel involved is considered to be an inevitable accident. In the event of an inevitable accident, neither party is liable to the other, but each bears his or her own individual losses. Exclusion from fault is ordinarily determined with reference to the safeguards observed by the parties to the inevitable accident.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

COLLISION, maritime law. It takes place when two ships or other vessels run foul of each other, or when one runs foul of the other. In such cases there is almost. always a damage incurred.
     2. There are four possibilities under which an accident of this sort may occur. 1. It may happen without blame being imputable to either party, as when the loss is occasioned by a storm, or any other vis major; in that case the loss must be borne by the party on whom it happens to light, the other not being responsible to him in, any degree.
     3. - 2. Both parties may be to blame, as when there has been a want of due diligence or of skill on both sides; in such cases, the loss must be apportioned between them, as having been occasioned by the fault of both of them. 6 Whart. R. 311..
     4. - 3. The suffering party may have been the cause of the injury, then he must bear the loss.
     5. - 4. It may have been the fault of the ship which ran down the other; in this case the injured party would be entitled to an entire compensation from the other. 2 Dodson's Rep. 83, 85; 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320; 1 How. S. C. R. 89. The same rule is applied to steamers.. Id. 414.
     6. - 5. Another case has been put, namely, when there has been some fault or neglect, but on which side the blame lies, is uncertain. In this case, it does not appear to be settled whether the loss shall be apportioned or borne by the suffering party opinions on this subject are divided.
     7. A collision between two ships on the high seas, whether it be the result of accident or negligence, is, in all cases, to be deemed a peril of the seas within the meaning of a policy of insurance. 2 Story, R. 176; 3 Sumn. R. 889. Vide, generally, Story, Bailm. Sec. 607 to 612; Marsh.. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 2; Wesk. Ins. art. Running Foul; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, B. 4, c. 1; 4 Taunt. 126; 2 Chit. Pr. 513, 535; Code de Com. art. 407; Boulay- Paty, Cours de Dr. Commercial, tit. 12, s. 6; Pard. n. 652 to 654; Pothier, Avaries, n. 155; 1 Emerig. Assur. ch. 12, Sec. 14.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report on the global collision warning system market provides qualitative and quantitative analysis for the period from 2016 to 2024.
The vast majority of ESA avoidance manoeuvres are the result of dead satellites or fragments from previous collisions. #SpaceDebris," said another tweet.
The road was closed off for several hours while the serious collision investigation unit have been working to establish what happened.
Sergeant Andrew Page, of GMP's Serious Collision Investigation Unit, said: "Firstly, my thoughts are with the woman's family with this devastating news.
Three fire crews from Northumberland Fire and Rescue Service and a specialist fire unit helped to release one person from their vehicle following the collision.
Multi-collision accidents are those in which the primary impact is followed by collisions with secondary objects, such as trees, electrical posts or other vehicles, which occurs in three out of every 10 accidents.
Following the initial collision a second HGV collided with the HGV involved in the fatal collision.
MMDA ALERT: Multiple collision at C5 Mckinley SB involving 22 wheeler truck, 3 cars, pick up, bus and MC as of 10:06 AM.2 lanes occupied.
Figure 5 shows the two fit parameters, [p.sub.c] and [R.sub.[pi]], as a function of collision centrality expressed as [N.sub.part] in Au+Au collisions at 7.7 GeV, 11.5 GeV, and 19.6 GeV.
For such purpose, this study aims to analyse and compare the collision risks estimated by different SSMs based on two different car-following theories, such as action point model and asymmetric driving behaviour model.