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The violent contact of one vehicle—such as an automobile, ship, or boat—with another vehicle.

Collision insurance is a type of policy that motorists purchase to cover property losses in the event of a car accident.

A collision that does not result from the Negligence of either vessel involved is considered to be an inevitable accident. In the event of an inevitable accident, neither party is liable to the other, but each bears his or her own individual losses. Exclusion from fault is ordinarily determined with reference to the safeguards observed by the parties to the inevitable accident.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

COLLISION, maritime law. It takes place when two ships or other vessels run foul of each other, or when one runs foul of the other. In such cases there is almost. always a damage incurred.
     2. There are four possibilities under which an accident of this sort may occur. 1. It may happen without blame being imputable to either party, as when the loss is occasioned by a storm, or any other vis major; in that case the loss must be borne by the party on whom it happens to light, the other not being responsible to him in, any degree.
     3. - 2. Both parties may be to blame, as when there has been a want of due diligence or of skill on both sides; in such cases, the loss must be apportioned between them, as having been occasioned by the fault of both of them. 6 Whart. R. 311..
     4. - 3. The suffering party may have been the cause of the injury, then he must bear the loss.
     5. - 4. It may have been the fault of the ship which ran down the other; in this case the injured party would be entitled to an entire compensation from the other. 2 Dodson's Rep. 83, 85; 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320; 1 How. S. C. R. 89. The same rule is applied to steamers.. Id. 414.
     6. - 5. Another case has been put, namely, when there has been some fault or neglect, but on which side the blame lies, is uncertain. In this case, it does not appear to be settled whether the loss shall be apportioned or borne by the suffering party opinions on this subject are divided.
     7. A collision between two ships on the high seas, whether it be the result of accident or negligence, is, in all cases, to be deemed a peril of the seas within the meaning of a policy of insurance. 2 Story, R. 176; 3 Sumn. R. 889. Vide, generally, Story, Bailm. Sec. 607 to 612; Marsh.. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 2; Wesk. Ins. art. Running Foul; Jacobsen's Sea Laws, B. 4, c. 1; 4 Taunt. 126; 2 Chit. Pr. 513, 535; Code de Com. art. 407; Boulay- Paty, Cours de Dr. Commercial, tit. 12, s. 6; Pard. n. 652 to 654; Pothier, Avaries, n. 155; 1 Emerig. Assur. ch. 12, Sec. 14.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The manoeuvre took place about 1/2 an orbit before the potential collision. Not long after the collision was expected, #Aeolus called home as usual to send back its science data - proving the manoeuvre was successful and a collision was indeed avoided," tweeted ESA.
Now, for the first time ever, the ESA has been forced to manoeuvre one of its satellites out of the way of a mega constellation to avoid a collision.
Hyundai Motor Group analyzed multi-collision scenarios in multilateral ways to improve airbag performance and precision in secondary collisions.
The road was shut in both directions between Parkway and Park Road so that GMP's Serious Collision Investigation Unit could examine the scene.
The Au+Au collisions at different energies in the Beam Energy Scan program (BES) at RHIC are used to explore the QCD phase diagram.
The A55 and side roads near Bangor, and the A470 north of Dolgellau through the Coed y Brenin Forest, have also been named as some of the top sites for collisions with deer.
Police were called just before 7pm last night, Tuesday, October 29, following the collision between the male pedestrian and ambulance.
For a "basic" rating, IIHS says "a vehicle must have a forward collision warning system that meets National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) performance criteria"--meaning the system must "issue a warning before a specified time in five of seven test trials under three scenarios."
Intersections are complex geographical entities with high potential for road traffic collisions; two thirds of Ontario cyclist-motorist collisions occur in intersections.
But in the years since Allstate's survey began, total collision rates have stayed about the same, with the average driver's time between collisions in Eugene bouncing between 11 and 12 years.
It has been suggested that in some cases the collisions can even be super-elastic, which means that the total kinetic energy of the two colliding CMEs actually increases after the collision as some of the thermal or magnetic energy in the CMEs is converted to kinetic energy.