Combination


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Related to Combination: Combination reaction

Combination

In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
Combinations beyond a certain threshold mandatorily require approval from the regulator, it said.
A total of 18,278 combinations were tested against the bacteria, based on varying dosages of each drug - all of which work in a different way.
"I was blown away by how many effective combinations there are as we increased the number of drugs," said Van Savage, the study's other senior author and a UCLA professor of ecology and evolutionary biology and of biomathematics.
Visit FDA's Combination Product website for additional details on combination product regulatory matters.
Banned combinations cannot be issued or sold at a DVLA Personalised Registration auction.
More than 20 carriers offer life combination products.
The companies continue to expect an EU regulatory submission of the closed triple combination therapy for COPD by the end of 2016.
The Class A-1 Notes, the Class A-2 Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes, the Class D Notes, the Class E Notes and the Combination Notes are referred to herein, collectively, as the "Rated Notes."
People started entering HOPS in 1993, about 3 years before wide use of combination antiretroviral therapy.
This second upcoming Kickstarter campaign from ImageLOCK will support the expansion of the company's product line with a new, updated combination lock.
The concept of combination therapy is well established in diabetes care.
M2 PHARMA-March 25, 2015-Vertex Pharmaceuticals reports Phase II trial results of VX-661 in combination with ivacaftor