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MASSACHUSETTS. One of the original states of the United States of America. The colony or province of Massachusetts was included in a charter granted by James the First, by which its territories were extended in breadth from the 40th to the 48th degree of north latitude, and in length by all the breadth aforesaid throughout the mainland from sea to sea. This charter continued until 1684. Holmes' Annals, 412; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 71. In 1691 William and Mary granted a new charter to the colony, and henceforth it became known as a province, and continued to act under this charter till after the Revolution. 1 Story, Const. Sec. 71.
     2. The constitution of Massachusetts was adopted by a convention begun and held at Cambridge, on the first of September, 1779, and continued, by adjournment, to the second of March, 1780.
     3. The style and name of the state is The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The government is distributed into a legislative, executive and judicial power.
     4.-1st. The department of legislation is formed by two branches, a senate and house of representatives, each of which has a negative on the other, and both are styled The General Court of Massachusetts. Part 2, c. 1, s. 1.
     5.-1. The senate is elected by the qualified electors, and is composed of forty persons to be counsellors and senators for the year ensuing their election. Part 2, c. 1, s. 2, art. 1.
     6.-2. The House of representatives is composed of an indefinite number of persons elected by the towns in proportion to their population. Part 2, c. 1, s. 3, art. 2.
     7.-2d. The executive power is vested in a governor, lieutenant governor and council.
     8.-1. The supreme executive magistrate is styled The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He is elected yearly by the qualified electors. Part 2, c. 2, s. 1. He is invested with the veto power. Part 2, c. 1, s. 1, art. 2.
     9.-2. The electors are required to elect annually a lieutenant governor. When the office of governor happens to be vacant he acts as governor, and at other times he is a member of the council. Part 2, c. 2, s. 2, art. 2 and 3.
    10.-3. The council consists of nine persons chosen annually by the general court; they mast be taken from those returned for counsellors and senators, unless they will not accept the said office, when they shall be chosen from the people at large. The council shall advise the governor in the executive part of the government. Part 2, c. 2, s. 3, art. 1 and 2.
    11.-3d. The judicial power. The third chapter of part second of the constitution makes the following provisions in relation to the judiciary:
    Art. 1. The tenure that all commissioned officers shall, by law, have in their office, shall be expressed in their respective commissions; all judicial officers, duly appointed, commissioned, and sworn, shall hold their offices during good behaviour; excepting such concerning whom there is different provision made in this constitution; Provided, nevertheless, the governor, with consent of the council, may remove them upon the address of both houses of the legislature.
    12.-2. Each branch of the legislature, as well as the governor and council, shall have authority to require the opinions of the justices of the supreme judicial court, upon important questions of law, and upon solemn occasions.
    13.-3. In order that the people may not suffer from the long continuance in place of any justice of the peace, who shall fail of discharging the important duties of his office with ability or fidelity, all commissions of justices of the peace shall expire and become void in the term of seven years from their respective dates; and upon the expiration of any commission, the same may, if necessary, be renewed, or another person appointed, as shall most conduce to the well-being of the commonwealth.
    14.-4. The judges of probates of wills, and for granting letters of administration, shall hold their courts at such place or places, on fixed days, as the convenience of the people may require; and the legislature shall, from time to time hereafter, appoint such times and places: until which appointments, the said courts shall be holden at the times and places which the respective judges shall direct.
    15.-5. All causes of marriage, divorce, and alimony, and all appeals from the judges of probate, shall be heard and determined by the governor and council, until the legislature shall, by law, make other provision.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is continually reviewing all our manufacturers' contracts to obtain the lowest price while maintaining best value for Commonwealth agencies and eligible entities.
5 Scott Harshbarger, Attorney General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, "Domestic Violence: Strategies for Prevention and Enforcement," Paper presented at Attorney General's Conference, Northeastern University, Burlington, MA, October 21, 1994.
Bulletin Desc: The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office of the Governor (GOV), along with support from the Executive Office of Transportation and Construction and the Executive Office of Housing and Economic Development, is soliciting, through this Request for Response (RFR), professional consulting services (Consultant) to conduct an economic impact and feasibility evaluation of the Boston 2024 proposed Summer Olympics plan.
Security for the notes derives from the guaranty agreement with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, which provides for the punctual payment of debt service on the notes.
HPI currently furnishes pharmacy management services to more than 200 hospitals, long-term care facilities and Health Maintenance Organizations nationwide, including the 23 facilities operated by the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Public Health for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
NYSE: PRU) today confirmed that Prudential Equity Group, LLC has reached a settlement with the United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts, the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the National Association of Securities Dealers, the New York Stock Exchange, the New Jersey Bureau of Securities and the New York Attorney General's Office in connection with their investigations into market timing related activities involving the former retail broker-dealer business at Prudential Securities, Inc.
The notes are being issued to reimburse the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for advances made to the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) to fund the 1993 calendar year's net cost of service, or operating deficit.
The notes are being issued to reimburse the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for payments made to the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) on account of portions of the 1991 and 1992 calendar years' operating deficits (net cost of service).
Lee - Deputy Treasurer, General Counsel, Office of the Treasurer, Commonwealth of Massachusetts
For the past several years, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has been sustaining those counties in most dire need through the issuance of emergency loans and year-end, deficit funding Commonwealth supplemental aid.
The Massachusetts Turnpike Authority, a public instrumentality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is responsible for the operation of the Metropolitan Highway System and the Western Turnpike.
25 /PRNewswire/ -- Peter Frenzer, president of Nationwide Life Insurance Company, today announced a settlement of the legal dispute with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts concerning the deferred compensation plan for public employees.

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