Representative democracy

(redirected from Competitive democracy)

REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY. A form of government where the powers of the sovereignty are delegated to a body of men, elected from time to time, who exercise them for the benefit of the whole nation. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 31.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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"It is, then, the nature of a competitive democracy that all the arguments that can be marshalled in favour of your case are made.
He argues that the CDC has been the ultimate respecter of people, noting that the power is glad that 'we now have a pluralistic and competitive democracy in our country.'The CDC Youth League Secretary General narrates that democracy in Liberia has grown and has continued to protect the idea of a free society where the decision of the people is not tampered with.
"What was exciting about this election is finally we have a competitive democracy here in Texas and that is what we need because that builds enthusiasm for elections."
In the absence of a competitive democracy, there seems no chance that anyone from outside the ruling Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola (MPLA) will win.
According to the author, the turning point for Russia's political life from competitive democracy toward authoritarianism was the 2004 election.
At the other extreme, if the incumbent ruler faces a highly competitive democracy, the ruler may be forced to adopt institutions of economic freedom while fiercely competing for office--a result consistent with Barro's (1973) political principal-agent paradigm.
What happened to the AK Party is similar to what happens to all totalitarian ideologies that adopt competitive democracy. The conditions of competition and the desire to reach out to the masses push strong ideologies to eclecticism and pragmatism and, over time, the ideology is sidelined and turns into a tool of oligarchic authority that assures organizational discipline and fidelity.
Research on television debates (Kjeldsen 1998) and on newspaper debates (Myrvold and Winsvold 2005) has shown that these largely reflect a conflict-oriented democratic ideal, corresponding to the expectations of a competitive democracy, as described for example by Downs (1957) and Elster (1983).
From the perspective of a democracy model more in line with China's current practice, it is not a competitive democracy but a consultative democracy.
Instead of more deliberative democracy, perhaps it is better to embrace Posner's view of elite, competitive democracy (at least for large institutions) and instead seek greater accountability (through, e.g., term limits for Supreme Court judges or campaign finance reform for presidential and congressional elections).
Even better, would they be prepared in the short term to share responsibility for the "baby" until peace and trust are restored and they can again play the game of competitive democracy.
As such non-democratic allocation of certain constituencies for the opposition candidates hurts competitive democracy, reputation of the opposition parties and the objectives, which these parties seek to achieve.

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