In the absence of a competitive democracy
, there seems no chance that anyone from outside the ruling Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola (MPLA) will win.
According to the author, the turning point for Russia's political life from competitive democracy
toward authoritarianism was the 2004 election.
At the other extreme, if the incumbent ruler faces a highly competitive democracy
, the ruler may be forced to adopt institutions of economic freedom while fiercely competing for office--a result consistent with Barro's (1973) political principal-agent paradigm.
What happened to the AK Party is similar to what happens to all totalitarian ideologies that adopt competitive democracy
Research on television debates (Kjeldsen 1998) and on newspaper debates (Myrvold and Winsvold 2005) has shown that these largely reflect a conflict-oriented democratic ideal, corresponding to the expectations of a competitive democracy
, as described for example by Downs (1957) and Elster (1983).
From the perspective of a democracy model more in line with China's current practice, it is not a competitive democracy
but a consultative democracy.
Instead of more deliberative democracy, perhaps it is better to embrace Posner's view of elite, competitive democracy
(at least for large institutions) and instead seek greater accountability (through, e.
Even better, would they be prepared in the short term to share responsibility for the "baby" until peace and trust are restored and they can again play the game of competitive democracy
As such non-democratic allocation of certain constituencies for the opposition candidates hurts competitive democracy
, reputation of the opposition parties and the objectives, which these parties seek to achieve.
Reducing the harbingers of advances in justice in America such as social security, Medicare, regulation of business abuses to minor footnotes or designations called "the other" is accepting the power structure's mauling of a competitive democracy
He differentiates between two democratic models: the competitive democracy
and the consociational democracy.
The MTI was allowed to participate in exchange for some important concessions: acceptance of the principle of competitive democracy
, renunciation of violence, and recognition of the Code on Personal Status revised in 1957.