Ocalan, Abdullah 2011 Democratic Confederalism
. London: Transmedia Publishing.
In framing the models of democratic confederalism
and democratic autonomy, Ocalan was inspired by many radical thinkers but perhaps to a greater extent by Murray Bookchin and his work on social ecology, libertarian municipalism and communalism.
It is of the essence to also shed some light on the notion of confederalism
which is more often than not contrasted with that of federalism.
1557, 1560-61 (2003) (analyzing the constitutionality of treaty delegations to international bodies and suggesting that those delegations would violate separation of powers principles); David Golove, The New Confederalism
: Treaty Delegations of Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Authority, 55 STAN.
would assure a decentralisation of horizontally interdependent and economically self-reliant demoi.
Bart De Wever, the leader of the Flemish separatist party who won mayoral election in Antwerp- Belgium's second-largest city- used his victory to urge French-speaking Prime Minister Elio di Rupo to prepare for change, a clear call for confederalism
In other stateless nations such as Quebec, Catalonia, or the Basque Country, nationalists have proclaimed the goal of national independence or 'sovereignty' but, when it comes to putting forward concrete proposals, have retreated into formulas like sovereignty-association, sovereignty-partnership, confederalism
or the 'freely-associated state'.
The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights held that self-determination may be exercised through independence, self-government, local government, federalism, confederalism
, unitarism, or another form of political action that gives force to the people's will without abrogating territorial integrity.
See generally David Golove, The New Confederalism
: Treaty Delegations of Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Power, 55 STAN.
--Head of the Phalange party Amin Gemayel accuses opposition of pushing for confederalism
Hizbullah and its ally Aoun also consulted after Bassil's meeting with Hariri, as anti-Syrian Maronite leader Gemayel accused the opposition of pushing for confederalism
. Gemayel's ally, Samir Geagea, in turn said that the ruling majority has so far stood by the principles for which they won the June 7 elections.
(143.) Some Francophones describe confederalism
as "le federalisme des cons [the federalism of idiots]." See DUTILLEUL, supra note 2, at 42, 161-62.