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The association or banding together of two or more persons for the purpose of committing an act or furthering an enterprise that is forbidden by law, or that, though lawful in itself, becomes unlawful when made the object of the confederacy. More commonly called a conspiracy. The union of two or more independent states for the purpose of common safety or a furtherance of their mutual goals.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a combination of groups or individuals for unlawful purposes.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CONFEDERACY, intern. law. An agreement between two or more states or nations, by which they unite for their mutual protection and good. This term is applied to such agreement between two independent nations, but it is used to signify the union of different states of the same nation, as the confederacy of the states.
     2. The original thirteen states, in 1781, adopted for their federal government the "Articles of confederation and perpetual union between the States," which continued in force until the present constitution of the United States went into full operation, on the 30th day of April, 1789, when president Washington was sworn into office. Vide 1 Story on the Const. B. 2, c. 3 and 4.

CONFEDERACY, crim. law. An agreement between two or more persons to do an unlawful act, or an act, which though not unlawful in itself, becomes so by the confederacy. The technical term usually employed to signify this offence, is conspiracy. (q.v.)

CONFEDERACY, equity pleading. The fourth part of a bill in chancery usually charges a confederacy; this is either general or special.
     2. The first is by alleging a general charge of confederacy between the defendants and other persons to injure or defraud the plaintiff. The common form of the charge is, that the defendants, combining and confederating together, to and with divers other persons as yet to the plaintiff unknown, but whose names, when discovered, he prays may be inserted in the bill, and they be made parties thereto, with proper and apt words to charge them with the premises, in order to injure and oppress the plaintiff in ti e premises, do absolutely refuse, &c. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 40; Coop. Eq. Pl. 9 Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 29; 1 Mont. Eq. Pl. 77; Barton, Suit in Eq. 33; Van Heyth. Eq. Drafts, 4.
     3. When it is intended to rely on a confederacy or combination as a ground of equitable jurisdiction, the confederacy must be specially charged to justify an assumption of jurisdiction. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 41; Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 30.
     4. A general allegation of confederacy is now considered as mere form. Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 29; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4169.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Lee's freedom was real: President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation was issued to prevent British and French recognition of the Confederate States of America. The legal abolition of slavery in America only came after the passage of the 13th Amendment.
As 1861 came to an end the Confederate States of America had gained the alliance of the tribes within the borders of the Indian Territory and created a Bureau of Indian Affairs, headed by David Hubbard, and it was attached to the War Department.
He acknowledged President Jefferson Davis as the "Honourable President of the Confederate States of America." In doing so, he effectively recognised the Confederate States of America as a sovereign entity, separate from the United States of America.
* Six collections of rare books, including the Benjamin Franklin Collection, selections from the Katherine Golden Bitting, the Elizabeth Robins Pennell Collections of Gastronomy, first editions from the library's Rare Book and Special Collections Division, selections from the Confederate States of America Collection, the Henry Harrisse Collection of Columbiana, and selections from the lean Hersholt Collection of Hans Christian Andersen
Alban's, Vermont, fired his pistol into the air and shouted, "This city is now in the possession of the Confederate States of America." Before the day was out, he and 22 companions, who described themselves as members of a Montreal hunting and fishing club, had robbed three banks of $208,000, herded the astonished residents onto the village green, fired the town, and were telling their story to an admiring audience of British officers in St.
Confederate States of America: What Might Have Been
CSA - The Confederate States of America IMAGINE a world where the Southern states of America had won the Civil War, decided not to abolish slavery and it survived today.
On top of "Bubble" distrib Magnolia, which has several more day-and-date releases in the works, IFC Films has already released several pics this year, including "I Am a Sex Addict" and "Confederate States of America," simultaneously in a few theaters and via Comcast's VOD service.
Congress had left Washington, the South had taken control of federal assets within its borders (including almost every fort and arsenal) and Jefferson Davis had been sworn in as president of the Confederate States of America.
Any other approach would have ensured a quick and certain end to the Civil War resulting in the permanent establishment of a Confederate States of America. An extension of the argument is that the political generals were mostly failures as military leaders, and as Lincoln's political position strengthened he began to jettison them in favor of the professional officers produced by West Point.
Correspondence of the Treasury Department of the Confederate States of America: Appendix Part 4.

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