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A union of states in which each member state retains some independent control over internal and external affairs. Thus, for international purposes, there are separate states, not just one state. A federation, in contrast, is a union of states in which external affairs are controlled by a unified, central government.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

CONFEDERATION, government. The name given to that form of government which the American colonies, on shaking off the British yoke, devised for their mutual safety and government.
     2. The articles of confederation, (q.v.) were finally adopted on the 15th of November, 1777, and with the exception of Maryland, which, however, afterwards also agreed to them, were speedily adopted by the United States, and by which they were formed into a federal @bod y, and went into force on the first day of March, 1781; 1 Story Const. Sec. 225; and so remained until the adoption of the present constitution, which acquired the force of the supreme law of the land on the first Wednesday of March, 1789. 5 Wheat. R. 420. Vide Articles of Confederation.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
IN CAIRO, EGYPTFifa president Gianni Infantino in Thursday pledged full support for reforms that are to be undertaken by Confederation of African Football in the coming days."We agreed to appoint one of our highest administrator and our experts to come and assist in building Caf," the world football governing body boss said in Cairo during Caf's General Assembly.
The match would be the first group game Kotoko play in front of their unfaltering home fans in this season's Confederation Cup and would relish the home advantage.
In world history, most confederations were short-lived and they were either led to dissolution or transformed to federal structures.
Abu Dhabi: Fifa want to scrap the Confederations Cup and make the Club World Cup bigger, according to reports in Spanish sports daily Marca .
This was extremely important for our Latin American television partners, because in Chile, for example, the games of the Confederations Cup were broadcast in parallel by three competing TV channels, and the viewer intuitively chose to watch the channel which showed the action ahead of the others."
The FIFA Confederations Cup will start on the 17 th of June, with eight teams vying for a place in the final, to be held in Saint Petersburg on July 2.
As calls for the Confederations Cup to be done away with increase, there is one thing the competition's European detractors should bear in mind: The tournament is not just for them.
The Fifa Confederations Cup will start on June 17, with eight teams vying for a place in the final, to be held in Saint Petersburg on July 2.
New Zealand, who will face hosts Russia in the opener of the Confederations Cup in Saint Petersburg on 17 June, are the biggest movers by rank (95th, up 17), while there are marginal gains for other Russia 2017 participants Australia (48th, up 2) and Cameroon (32nd, up 1).
WALES could be just 90 minutes away from booking a place in another summer tournament with their Euro 2016 success putting them on course for next year's Confederations Cup.
17, 2015 "peace accord" between RSS President Salva Kiir and arch-rival Riek Machar is more likely to be a "mere temporary arrangement than a constitutionally guaranteed pact", says a powerful chieftain of the huge and ruling Dinka Tribe - one of Africa's largest confederations of tribal groups.

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