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Related to Confusions: puzzlement, lack of clarity


The combination or mixture of two things; the process of commingling.

Confusion has been used synonymously with merger, meaning a union of two separate entities that eliminates clear boundaries. Confusion of rights, for example, is a combination of the rights of debtor and creditor in the same individual. Similarly, a confusion of titles exists when two titles to the same property combine in the same person. A confusion of debts is a method of eliminating a debt or canceling it. This may occur, for example, upon the death of a creditor when the debtor is the creditor's heir.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1 in the lawof contract, in Scotland, a party cannot be under an obligation to himself Thus, if a person becomes his own creditor the debt is extinguished.
2 an anglicization of CONFUSIO.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CONFUSION. The concurrence of two qualities in the same subject, which mutually destroy each other. Potli. Ob. P. 3, c. 5 3 Bl. Com. 405; Story Bailm. Sec. 40.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pakistan has become land of confusion where a normal Pakistani passes through a phase of confusion irrespective of his social status.
His confusion forces him to say goodbye to his claim to get relief and many have died while waiting for justice whereas justice is the key to prosperity and progress of a nation.
Have we given a doable action plan to alleviate the confusion of the masses?
Conversely, if there are dependent conflicts and concurrency in a WF-net, that is, confusions, conflicts can only be considered rather than the balance between conflicts and concurrency.
Hence, this paper aims at dealing with the formal description of confusions and providing a policy to decide whether a WF-net is confusion-free and where may appear confusions in the WF-net.
Anxiety, obsession, loneliness and desire are some of the things that can lead to confusion. And hilarity.
The first confusion here is the idea that only "theology" majors cross the boundaries of church and state.
The second related confusion is the implication that all theology majors are studying to prepare for the ministry.
A Cockney who grew up "always well-adjusted, with never any confusion" about his own homosexuality, the 38-year-old choreographer jokingly wonders where he got his love of angst.
To fill out this narrative, Massing brings in some particular terms; the idea of schemata used so well by Ernst Gombrich in his history of representation; or what, in a potentially resonant phrase, he refers to as the semantic impermanence of all the various translations and transformations of Lucian, from Greek to Latin or whatever other more modern languages, and then from texts to images; and at the end, past the annotations and associations and confusions and errors of the record, what he calls the dispersal of this subject--I take it this is how his term eclatement is to be understood--in the iconographical dictionaries of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.
When we can all comfortably and clearheadedly deal with criticisms, confusions, hostilities, and fundamental disagreements in relation to each other, we will have no resistance toward wide-open discussion at all, and wide-open discussion will therefore never be counterproductive in any sense of the word.
It is because, time and again, we have seen wide-open discussions of essentially personal issues degenerate into rambling confusion, senseless bickering, needless slander, or even traumatic violence.