Informed Consent

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Informed Consent

Assent to permit an occurrence, such as surgery, that is based on a complete disclosure of facts needed to make the decision intelligently, such as knowledge of the risks entailed or alternatives.

The name for a fundamental principle of law that a physician has a duty to reveal what a reasonably prudent physician in the medical community employing reasonable care would reveal to a patient as to whatever reasonably foreseeable risks of harm might result from a proposed course of treatment. This disclosure must be afforded so that a patient—exercising ordinary care for his or her own welfare and confronted with a choice of undergoing the proposed treatment, alternative treatment, or none at all—can intelligently exercise judgment by reasonably Balancing the probable risks against the probable benefits.

informed consent

n. agreement to do something or to allow something to happen only after all the relevant facts are known. In contracts, an agreement may be reached only if there has been full disclosure by both parties of everything each party knows which is significant to the agreement. A patient's consent to a medical procedure must be based on his/her having been told all the possible consequences, except in emergency cases when such consent cannot be obtained. A physician or dentist who does not tell all the possible bad news as well as the good, operates at his/her peril of a lawsuit if anything goes wrong. In criminal law, a person accused or even suspected of a crime cannot give up his/her legal rights such as remaining silent or having an attorney, unless he/she has been fully informed of his/her rights. (See: consent, Miranda warning)

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1967, the Sexual Offen-ces Act declared homosexual sex between consenting adults over 21 was no longer illegal.
It's not enough that they have spent my hard-earned money investigating sexual encounters between two consenting adults that was none of our business.
A UP until your last sentence it seemed a fairly harmless if tacky way for two consenting adults to get their sexual kicks.
But even those responsible for the laws say that using them against gay men seeking sex from consenting adults is an abuse of the law's intent.
You're a pair of consenting adults not paedophiles downloading vile kiddie porn.
I'm sorry for Monica because in this whole sordid saga involving a huge cast of supposedly consenting adults, she's the only one who wasn't an adult.
AWHAT consenting adults do within the privacy of their own home is their business.
The conference, which will focus on prostitution among consenting adults, also will explore the myriad abuses sex workers endure.
These days, everything out here is legal between consenting adults, except developing real estate.
Reiterating the position that marriage between two consenting adults can't be nullified in a habeas corpus petition, the bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud said that there was a roving inquiry by the High Court into the marriage.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Feb 16 (ANI): In his submissions before the Supreme Court in connection with cases of so called honour killings by Khap Panchayats, Amicus Curiae Raju Ramachandran on Friday stated that action would be initiated against those involved in protesting a marriage between consenting adults.
The Junior Minister believes prostitution should be legalised and regulated if two consenting adults want sex.