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CONTRADICTION. The incompatibility, contrariety, and evident opposition of two ideas, which are the subject of one and the same proposition.
     2. In general, when a party accused of a crime contradicts himself, it is presumed he does so because he is guilty for truth does not contradict itself, and is always consistent, whereas falsehood is in general inconsistent and the truth of some known facts will contradict the falsehood of those which are falsely alleged to be true. But there must still be much caution used by the judge, as there may be sometimes apparent contradictions which arise either from the timidity, the ignorance, or the inability of the party to explain himself, when in fact he tells the truth.
    3. When a witness contradicts himself as to something which is important in the case, his testimony will be much weakened, or it may be entirely discredited and when he relates a story of facts which he alleges passed only in his presence, and he is contradicted as to other facts which are known to others, his credit will be much impaired.
     4. When two witnesses, or other persons, state things directly opposed to each other, it is the duty of the judge or jury to reconcile these apparent contradictions; but when this cannot be done, the more improbable statement must be rejected; or, if both are entitled to the same credit, then the matter is as if no proof had been given. See Circumstances.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"There is no contradiction insofar as the incident is concerned given the fact that Filipinos were placed in a dangerous situation where they could have been dead," presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo said.
Datuk Seri Najib Razak's trial over RM42 million in SRC International Sdn Bhd funds was halted today after the defence applied for an adjournment over alleged contradictions between a witness's testimony and written statement.
Abdel Aziz concluded the topic by saying: "It is clear that you do still have a contradiction in statements because I am still frankly confused."
The remarks came for the reason that glaring and blatant contradictions were observed in the statements of prosecution witnesses, which according to the bench were mixture of truth and lies.
So the doublespeak on what people are asking is a contradiction. Obado legally has not been proved guilty.
The second contradiction reshuffled the economy and it led towards opening of the economy and society over the last four decades.
Mao begins "On Contradiction" by retaining Marx's insight that capitalism involves a social system beset by contradictions because the social classes within it have incompatible class-bound goals.
Nor, more generally, can the methodology of comparative statics handle contradictions. The ontology of seeing capitalism (sorry, 'the market economy') through an equilibrium lens effectively eradicates any consideration of systemic conflict, contradiction and change.
ISLAMABAD -- Council of Islamic Ideology on Friday rejected the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Domestic Violence bill, citing reasons that it was in contradictions with the Shariah.
From the standpoint of classical logic and mathematics, what's bad about a contradiction is that it leads to absurdity.
Proof by contradiction is a very powerful mathematical technique.
Synopsis: "The Primal Contradiction: My Escape from the Pitfall of Self-Delusion" presents the spiritual memoir of Daniel St.