(redirected from Controversal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


An actual dispute between individuals who seek judicial resolution of their grievances that have arisen from a conflict of their alleged legal rights.

A controversy describes only civil litigation, which is intended to protect and enforce private rights. In contrast, the term case applies to both a civil action and a criminal prosecution, designed to enforce and safeguard the rights of the general public.

The judicial power of a court to provide redress of wrongs exists only when issues arise in a given situation that can be categorized as a case or controversy.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) disagreement, argument, or quarrel. 2) a dispute, which must be an actual contested issue between parties in order to be heard by a court. The United States Supreme Court particularly requires an "actual controversy" and avoids giving "what if" advisory opinions. (See: advisory opinion, collusion)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

CONTROVERSY. A dispute arising between two or more persons. It differs from case, which includes all suits criminal as well as civil; whereas controversy is a civil and not a criminal proceeding. 2 Dall. R. 419, 431, 432; 1 Tuck. Bl. Com. App. 420, 421; Story, Const. Sec. 1668.
     2. By the constitution of the United States the judicial power shall extend to controversies to which the United States shall be a party. Art. 2, 1. The meaning to be attached to the word controversy in the constitution, is that above given.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
There must be no controversal graffitti on any car, a half roll cage is advisable, but not essential at this early stage.
I DON'T want to be too controversal, but don't you think the England team's new `going-away' outfit of dark suit and light brown shoes has, dare I say, a rather European feel to it?
Byers said that shipping will become a key issue in the region and is potentially controversal.
And Sir Lanka captain Sanath Jayasuriya was fined pounds 1000 and given a suspended four-match ban after he threw away his helmet in disugust when he was controversially given out for a duck by controversal umpire B.C.
Argentina's lower house has passed a controversal bill to nationalise $26bn of pension funds.