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An actual dispute between individuals who seek judicial resolution of their grievances that have arisen from a conflict of their alleged legal rights.

A controversy describes only civil litigation, which is intended to protect and enforce private rights. In contrast, the term case applies to both a civil action and a criminal prosecution, designed to enforce and safeguard the rights of the general public.

The judicial power of a court to provide redress of wrongs exists only when issues arise in a given situation that can be categorized as a case or controversy.


n. 1) disagreement, argument, or quarrel. 2) a dispute, which must be an actual contested issue between parties in order to be heard by a court. The United States Supreme Court particularly requires an "actual controversy" and avoids giving "what if" advisory opinions. (See: advisory opinion, collusion)


(Argument), noun altercatio, antagonism, argumentation, brawl, break, broil, conflict, conflict of opinion, contention, contest, controversia, debate, difference of opinion, disaccord, disagreement, disceptatio, disceptation, discongruity, discordance, disharmony, disputation, dispute, dissuted point, disputed question, dissension, dissidence, disunion, disunity, divergence, divergent opinions, embroilment, failure to agree, feud, friction, impugnation, incongruence, inconsistency, inharmoniousness, inharmony, jangle, lack of concord, opposition, polemics, quarrel, question at issue, rupture, set-to, split, squabble, strife, subject of dispute, unconformity, variance, wrangle
Associated concepts: arbitrable controversy, matters in connroversy, submission of a controversy


(Lawsuit), noun action, case, case at law, cause, contest, judicial contest, legal action, legal arrument, legal proceeding, legal process, litigation, matter for judgment, process in law, suit in law
Associated concepts: actual present controversy, amount in controversy, case or controversy, controversies in bankkuptcy, controversy arising under Constitution, controversy arising under laws of the United States, controversy at law or in equity, controversy between citizens of a state and a foreign country, controversy between citizens of different states, controversy over claim, justiciable controversy, real controversy, settlement of controversy in bankruptcy, subbect of controversy, sum in controversy
See also: altercation, argument, belligerency, case, conflict, contention, contest, contradiction, difference, disaccord, disagreement, discord, disparity, dispute, dissension, dissidence, feud, fight, lawsuit, opposition, rift, strife, struggle, variance

CONTROVERSY. A dispute arising between two or more persons. It differs from case, which includes all suits criminal as well as civil; whereas controversy is a civil and not a criminal proceeding. 2 Dall. R. 419, 431, 432; 1 Tuck. Bl. Com. App. 420, 421; Story, Const. Sec. 1668.
     2. By the constitution of the United States the judicial power shall extend to controversies to which the United States shall be a party. Art. 2, 1. The meaning to be attached to the word controversy in the constitution, is that above given.

References in periodicals archive ?
Discussing less controversial ethical issues first is in keeping with the strategy of shaping "the terms of debate long before the controversial issue arises in class" (Pace, 2003, 43).
The very issue of discussing controversial issues in the classroom is as controversial as some of the topics can be, say education experts.
Meanwhile, Congress was becoming more intent on resolving this controversial issue.
Bringing such a controversial issue to the screen has enlightened many people about what pain and suffering there is to conceal a part of an individual's identity, to be afraid to embrace completely the freedom that's one's right, and to feel shameful and isolated for one's differences," Linton said.
I think it was an important act by the Council and the Mayor to work for the compromise and they demonstrated a lot of courage in making a tough decision on a really controversial issue.
Political analysts said the Legislature and Schwarzenegger were distracted by the governor's special election, which consumed most of their time and energy and encouraged them to defer some controversial issues.
Speaking Tuesday in Beverly Hills to members of the Television Critics Association, Mitchell flatly stated that if Tomlinson's efforts were intended to prevent producers of PBS programming from tackling controversial issues, ``then he's failed.
The new regulations clarify one of the most controversial issues regarding the law -- does the mandatory training requirement for supervisors cover employers and supervisors located outside the state of California?
The board president is normally the most visible figure on the board, representing the district, setting the meeting agendas and striving for consensus on controversial issues.
Hogue, host of Sacramento's only live and local morning call-in talk show that focuses on conservative politics and pop culture, and Pursch, host of Sacramento's only live and local afternoon call-in talk show that examines politics and culture from a Christian perspective, will interview elected officials about the June 6 primary races and some of the controversial issues that will face voters in November.
The controversial issues of immigration reform and ITIN lending and GSE reforms will be among the topics discussed at the annual legislative conference held by the National Association of Hispanic Real Estate Professionals (NAHREP) on April 18-20, 2006, at the Capital Hilton in Washington, D.

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