Contubernium


Also found in: Wikipedia.

CONTUBERNIUM, civ. law. As among the Romans, slaves had no civil state, their marriages, although valid according to natural law, when contr acted with the consent of their masters, and when there was no legal bar to them, yet were without civil effects; they having none except what arose from natural law; a marriage of this kind was called contubernium. It was so called whether both or only one of the parties was a slave. Poth. Contr. de Mariage, part 1, c. 2, Sec. 4. Vicat, ad verb.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sexual relations between free persons and slaves, as well as among slaves themselves, were not recognized as legitimate marriages under Roman law These unions were termed contubernium and lacked any of the legal consequences of Roman marriage (Evans Grubbs, Law and Family 262).
Cum eadem quoque femina mutuum colloquium et contubernium, nisi sub testimonio personarum minime suspectarum, non habebo.
The latter were the seven soldiers from the same contubernium (the smallest unit in the army consisting of eight soldiers) as the suicide victim, since they lived close to each other and shared the same sleeping quarters.
This auctoritas, divested of resemblance arises from real people in concrete situations, whether the contubernium of military life abroad (Tacitus, Agr.
Cette communaute composee d'hommes, de femmes, de peres, de meres, de parents, d'enfants, de conjoints (au sens purement factuel, l'union de deux esclaves appelee contubernium ne recevait aucune reconnaissance juridique), de familles merite mieux que le traitement qui leur a ete trop souvent inflige par l'historiographie, laquelle s'interesse surtout aux servi sous l'angle de la productivite economique en les considerant ainsi comme de simples outils humains.
Igualmente, hizo algunos cambios al contubernium al permitir la union entre un ciudadano romano y una esclava (32).
The sun was already high in the morning sky when the first contubernium returned with the hangdog Drusus in tow.
Se producen matrimonios entre libertos, caso de Aelia Agrippina, casada con un liberto imperial, Hypaticus, en Emerita Augusta (62), al igual que confirmamos las relaciones familiares, principalmente las consanguineas de distinto grado, pues identificamos contubernium (63), como en el caso del matrimonio entre L.
Many letters concern Lipsius's contubernium, the group of students who lived with him (which was increased by two new individuals in September of 1595), and we see clearly how this group remained the source of important contacts that lasted throughout Lipsius's life.
According to the lay model of marriage in the twelfth century, unmarried males had a right to female companionship or contubernium.
Ni la caste (qui, en droit romain, organisait jadis l'acces aux differents degres de conjugalites, allant du iustum matrimonium, reserve aux citoyens romains, au contubernium pour les esclaves), ni la religion (qui, en droit canonique empechait notamment les Juifs et les Protestants d' acceder au sacrement), ni encore la politique raciale (qui, dans les systemes segregationnistes, interdisait aux individus de race differente de s'unir) ne conditionnent plus l'exercice de ce droit.
Those people who could not marry lived together in a relationship called a contubernium.