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A clear example is provided by the city of Delft in Holland, where Anabaptists built their own meeting place in 1616, one that did not resemble a conventicle in any way whatsoever.
This is not just an abandoned chapel but a dead faith, yet the symbols of permanent closure point back at the souls of non-dissenters, excluded from the fervent faith expressed in the various conventicles of Hungerford Green.
They had reduced four conventicles that had met on a regular basis to none, closed a meetinghouse, and forced a notorious preacher to flee the city.
Conventicles, Mori argues, were constitutive of this second wave, and as they developed elsewhere, she chronicles new emphases within them on regeneration and the possibility of Christian perfection.
The laws against dissent in Scotland were even more savage than they were in England, involving not just clerical deprivations and heavy fines, but (from 1670) even death for those who preached at field conventicles (Presbyterian meetings held in the fields).
He also felt that exclusion from communion was a powerful church sanction, but of course it would not occur in informal conventicles.
Is there any in your parish that doth hold or frequent any conventicles, or private congregations .
Like the "republic of letters' and Enlightenment societies, Pietist conventicles gave an increasing number of people access to the public sphere, especially women.
Lob, a dissenting preacher, who used to hold forth when conventicles were prohibited, had made himself a retreat by means of a trapdoor at the bottom of his pulpit.
34) The Test (35) and Corporation Acts (36) limited civil, military, ecclesiastical, and academic offices to participating members of the Church; the Act Against Papists (37) and Conventicles Act (38) prohibited unlicensed religious meetings; various penal acts punished dissenters for engaging in prohibited religious worship.
In the son, individualist by temperament, once the science of colleges had replaced thoroughly the faith of conventicles, this moral attitude translated itself into a frenzied puritanism of ambition.