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RESPONSIBILITY. The obligation to answer for an act done, and to repair any injury it may have caused.
     2. This obligation arises without any contract, either on the part of the party bound to repair the injury, or of the party injured. The law gives to the person who has suffered loss, a compensation in damages.
     3. it is a general rule that no one is answerable for the acts of another unless he has, by some act of his own, concurred in them. But when he has sanctioned those acts, either explicitly or by implication, he is responsible. An innkeeper in general, civilly liable for the acts of his servants towards his guests, for anything done in their capacity of servants. The owner of a carriage is also, civilly responsible to a passenger for any injury done by the driver as such. See Driver.
     4. There are cases where persons are made civilly responsible for the acts of others by particular laws and statutory provisions, when they have not done anything by which they might be considered as participating in such acts. The responsibility which the hundred (q.v.) in England formerly incurred to make good any robbery committed within its precincts, may be mentioned as an instance. A somewhat similar liability is incurred now in some places in this country by a county, when property has been destroyed by a mob.
     5. Penal responsibility is always personal, and no one can be punished for the commission of a crime but the person who has committed it or his accomplice. Vide Damages; Injury; Loss.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In today's era, it has become strategic necessity for the organizations to give importance to the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR).
al (2014) studied the corporate social responsibility initiatives undertaken by ICICI Bank along with the expenditure incurred by the bank for corporate social responsibility for five years.
Nowadays, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is generating a demand for more transparency from the companies (Fatma and Rahman, 2014).
Mayor of Islamabad and Chairman CDA, Sheikh Anser Aziz said that this perception is absolutely wrong that the playgrounds upgraded under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) would be operation on commercial basis.
Corporate social responsibility is the intentional integration of social and environmental concerns into businesses and into their interface with stakeholders (Commission, 2002).
The third paper is "Corporate Social Responsibility and pro-Peace practices in Colombia", which poses the relationship between the adoption of Corporate Social Responsibility models and implementing Pro-Peace practices in scenarios of conflict and post-conflict.
Recently, concern has increased on establishing a strategy for organizations' corporate social responsibility in order to achieve a high level of competitive advantage (Doda, 2015).
Corporate social responsibility through the company to invest in production technology and business processes, beyond the legal requirements, is conducive to the company's stakeholders [3, 4].
Iran opened the Corporate Social Responsibility Conference in Petroleum Industry on Tuesday, May 17, 2016.
HE Sheikh Joaan bin Hamad Al -Thani, President of the Qatar Olympic Committee (QOC), was awarded the Corporate Social Responsibility 2015 Person of the Year in recognition of his unstinting commitment to community development, and the example he has set as an inspiring role model for youth in Qatar.
JS Bank has been recognized for the 4th year in a row for its Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives at the 5th Corporate Social Responsibility Summit and Awards 2016.
Good Done Great said that the acquisition positions it to become the provider of technology enabled corporate social responsibility services.

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