It is not necessary to support democracy even the type of cosmopolitan democracy
in order to support functions of international institutions.
By comparison see Archibugi's (2004) reassertion of the basic concepts of cosmopolitan democracy
and his defense of it against Realist, Marxist, Communitarian and Multicultural criticisms.
(2012b), "Will Global Financialization and the Eurozone Debt Crisis Defeat European Cosmopolitan Democracy
?" http://truth-out.org/news/item/ 11232-will-global-financialization-and-the-eurozone-debt-crisis-defeat-european-cosmopolitan-democracy
Of course, not everybody is convinced that cosmopolitan democracy
is needed or desirable.
In this article I examine precisely this last idea, namely "cosmopolitan democracy
." Following a brief account of the cosmopolitan thought as it relates to the idea of democracy, I focus more specifically on the pioneering work of David Held and his collaborators in the last two decades.
Nevertheless, cosmopolitan models draw on representative, participatory, and to some extent also deliberative models of democracy, and hence we do not treat cosmopolitan democracy
as a separate model of democracy here.
Either we form a conception of cosmopolitan democracy
based on a global state institution and universal human rights, or we stay at the level of small, self-governed, communities, that is, states, and abandon any such ambition.
The greatest challenge to the idea of post-national constitutional patriotism, a problem not faced by post-national cosmopolitan democracy
, is the need to explain why people should feel loyalty toward one constitutional democracy rather than another.
This is the foundation on which Bohman constructs a theory of transnational democracy and cosmopolitan democracy
In the work of David Held (1997), the discussion of cosmopolitan democracy
and the Global Order: A New Agenda." in Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant's Cosmopolitan Ideal.
STUDIES IN COSMOPOLITAN DEMOCRACY
11 (Daniele Archibugi, David Held