Council of the European Union(redirected from Council of the European Communities)
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Council of the European Unionthe body that represents the interests of member states in the EUROPEAN UNION (EU). While instructed by and representing the home states, the members of Council act as a Community institution and not as delegates to intergovernmental conferences, although this theoretical position is not always easily observed in practice. Sometimes more than one representative actually attends and different representatives attend at different meetings. Practically, two types of meeting take place: general council meetings, which are attended by foreign ministers, and special councils, which are attended by ministers from the member state with responsibility for the area of activity. Because the same person need not be in attendance, it is possible that a number of'councils’ meet at the same time. It is the Union's legislative body. For a wide range of EU issues, it exercises that legislative power with the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT. It coordinates the broad economic policies of the member states. It concludes international agreements with one or more states or international organizations. It shares budgetary authority with the Parliament. It takes the decisions necessary for framing and implementing the common foreign and security policy, on the basis of general guidelines established by the EUROPEAN COUNCIL, and coordinates the activities of member states and adopts measures in the field of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. Depending on what powers it exercises, it requires to vote unanimously or sometimes by qualified majority. To amend a Commission proposal without the Commission's consent, unanimity among Council members is required. The Presidency is held on a rota for six months in alphabetic rotation - each member state assuming its position in the alphabet by virtue of its own-language name.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006