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An assumption made by a court and embodied in various legal doctrines that a fact or concept is true when in actuality it is not true, or when it is likely to be equally false and true.

A legal fiction is created for the purpose of promoting the ends of justice. A common-law action, for example, allowed a father to bring suit against his daughter's seducer, based on the legal fiction of the loss of her services. Similarly, the law of torts encompasses the legal fiction of the rule of Vicarious Liability, which renders an employer responsible for the civil wrongs of his or her employees that are committed during their course of employment. Even though the employer generally is uninvolved in the actual act constituting the tort, the law holds the employer responsible since, through a legal fiction, he or she is deemed to be in direct control of the employee's actions. A seller of real estate might, for example, be liable in an action for Fraud committed by his or her agent in the course of a sale.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
However, if you are wanting a small group of writers to have a great time creating stories, then go on and get yourself a cube of your own.
Avril said: "I know many of my fans read Manga, and I'm really excited to be involved in creating stories that I know they will enjoy."
Literate, too: one hack alters Don DeLillo's work in progress "so that one of the characters smiled." Aylett pulls off the neat trick of creating stories (twenty-seven of them--it's like the Ramones wrote a book) whose over-the-top abandon belies a firm hold over the material, demonstrating that it takes a very careful hand to write such chaotic stuff.
'Because the team has a background in journalism, they know what the media wants and don't waste clients' time and money creating stories and photo opportunities which won't get used.'
In fact, the Globe has even been accused of creating stories when it can't find them.
Using traditional Halloween tales and ghost stories from around the world as inspiration, these workshops from Joan Alexander of Shadow Studio provide participants with desktop shadow theatres to let imaginations fly by creating stories, developing characters and producing a mini shadow show.
The bot is described as a "deep-learning powered AI" who "takes a bit of inspiration in the form of a random seed, or a short snippet of text, and starts creating stories emanating from her creepy creative mind." editor in chief John Nery will discuss 'Going Viral: Lessons for Creating Stories with Impact.'
Story implied in the beginning of "The Lonely Typewriter." Creating stories within stories that teach good things on all levels, "The Lonely Typewriter" is a wonderful way for today's children to explore their family histories and social and technological progressions.
and Barnard College, for this guide to the essential principles and techniques of creating stories. They discuss the tools of structure, character, and theme, reviewing the 12-stage structural model of the Hero's Journey and the character possibilities in the eight major archetypes covered in The Writer's Journey, then explain tools such as Vladimir Propp's analysis of Russian fairy tale structures, Theophrastus's book on character types, polar opposites, reciprocal action, and the want list.
Creating stories, characters and dialogue is fun, dammit!
Everybody has been busy creating stories about their journeys to school, some scary, and some funny.

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