exoneration

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Exoneration

The removal of a burden, charge, responsibility, duty, or blame imposed by law. The right of a party who is secondarily liable for a debt, such as a surety, to be reimbursed by the party with primary liability for payment of an obligation that should have been paid by the first party.

exoneration

noun absolution, absolution of a charge, acquittal, acquittance, act of indemnity, amnesty, bill of indemnity, clearance, clearing, discharge, dismissal of charges, dispensation, exculpation, excuse, forgiveness, freedom, freedom from accusation, freedom from guilt, freeing from blame, liberation, pardon, release, relief from, remission, reprieve, vindication, withdrawal of the charge
Associated concepts: exoneration clause in a will, exoneraaion of bail, pardon
See also: absolution, acquittal, amnesty, compurgation, condonation, discharge, dispensation, exception, excuse, innocence, justification, liberation, pardon, release, remission

EXONERATION. The taking off a burden or duty.
     2. It is a rule in the distribution of an intestate's estate that the debts which he himself contracted, and for which be mortgaged his land as security, shall be paid out of the personal estate in exoneration of the real.
     3. But when the real estate is charged with the payment of a mortgage at the time the intestate buys it, and the purchase is made subject to it, the personal. is not in that case to be applied, in exoneration of the real estate. 2 Pow. Mortg. 780; 5 Hayw. 57; 3 Johns. Ch. R. 229.
     4. But the rule for exonerating the real estate out of the personal, does not apply against specific or pecuniary legatees, nor the widow's right to paraphernalia, and with reason not against the interest of creditors. 2 Ves. jr. 64; 1 P. Wms. 693; Id. 729; 2 Id. 120,335; 3 Id. 367. Vide Pow. Mortg. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to DNA exonerations in the early 1990s, wrongful convictions were recognized, if at all, as isolated, rare, and inevitable failings that required no organized response.
The DNA exonerations provided the first inarguable proofs of miscarriages of justice.
This may have affected their perceptions because they may have been more likely than the average person to understand the conclusive nature of DNA exoneration.
The public is no longer shocked and fascinated by each new DNA exoneration.
See the same website for more information on this trial and all details on the DNA exoneration cases not otherwise more specifically referenced here and throughout the article.
124) Professor Brandon Garrett has reported that fifty-seven percent of the first 200 DNA exonerations involved convictions that were supported by forensic evidence, albeit evidence that was either mistakenly or intentionally in error.
The number of DNA exonerations has increased across this period, from one or two a year in 1989 to 1991, to an average of six a year from 1992 through 1995, to an average of twenty a year since 2000.
The Cardozo project has been hugely successful in using DNA testing to expose erroneous findings of guilt, responsible for well over 100 DNA exonerations of convicted inmates to date.
supports the notion that DNA exoneration was not yet a media staple.
But as the DNA exoneration cases came in, one by one, it was apparent that false confessions--a most counterintuitive phenomenon--were a contributing factor in roughly twenty-five percent of those cases.