fingerprint

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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
We used 1-[micro]L aliquots of diluted iWGA products to perform DNA fingerprint analysis and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sequencing.
I find it useful to review the basic steps of creating a DNA fingerprint before progressing to analysis of the crime.
Part II of this Note provides a description of DNA and of the most common testing procedure used to produce a DNA fingerprint.
DNA Fingerprint Test looks at all our genetic inheritance.
Our data also suggested that referring centers had experienced infant-to-infant spread based on similar Rep-PCR DNA fingerprint patterns.
First used in court eight years ago, DNA fingerprints are a record of a person's genetic makeup.
Dr Charlotte Allender, who is leading the research, said: "It is a bit like forensic science where you have a DNA fingerprint of a suspect and you are trying to find the person who matches it.
If any property is stolen, police will be able to trace the owner by using UV light to read the invisible but unique DNA fingerprint.
He was caught after his unique DNA fingerprint was matched to DNA evidence from a rape in Cardiff.