fingerprint

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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
We used 1-[micro]L aliquots of diluted iWGA products to perform DNA fingerprint analysis and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sequencing.
I find it useful to review the basic steps of creating a DNA fingerprint before progressing to analysis of the crime.
Retrospective detection of laboratory cross-contamination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cultures with the use of DNA fingerprint analysis.
Our data also suggested that referring centers had experienced infant-to-infant spread based on similar Rep-PCR DNA fingerprint patterns.
DNA fingerprint results are pending for patient 25, a contact of patient 1.
First used in court eight years ago, DNA fingerprints are a record of a person's genetic makeup.
Third, the distribution of silvereyes described above permitted a comparison of DNA fingerprint variability within and among avian populations having different demographic structures and different recent evolutionary histories.
POLICE are aiming to outsmart the burglars by spraying DNA fingerprints onto property.
In the USA, every state has established a DNA fingerprint database, and the FBI has a national store linking them all.
The highlight of the new contract signings is an award from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) on behalf of the State of Minnesota for DNA fingerprint analysis on back-logged convicted offender case samples.
The detection system is designed to be adaptable and easily tailored to detect a variety of bacterial and viral organisms by recognizing the unique DNA fingerprint of the organism.