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MUTATION, French law. This term is synonymous with change, and is particularly applied to designate the change which takes place in the property of a thing in its transmission from one person to another; permutation therefore happens when, the owner of the thing sells, exchanges or gives it. It is nearly synonymous with transfer. (q.v.) Merl. Repert. h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
High frequency of mitochondrial DNA mutations in glioblastoma multiforme identified by direct sequence comparison to blood samples.
This suggests that repeating patterns of DNA mutations could be used as an indicator of treatment prognosis, helping to shape future therapies.
When subjected to higher UV exposure, DNA mutations in the placebo group increased by 760%.
LHON is caused by mitochondrial DNA mutations in subunits of NADH dehydrogenase (complex I), leading to reduced oxidative phosphorylation and energy production in retinal cells.
This is the first study investigating the impact of non-coding DNA mutations in gastric cancer and we anticipate that it will inspire new research to further uncover the mechanisms and impact of these specific mutations."
Cancer is actually many thousands of different diseases, each with different underlying DNA mutations. That's why drugs that are effective against one person's ovarian cancer may fail utterly against another's.
What differentiates the blood test from previous attempts is that it examines both DNA mutations and proteins associated with cancer.
He said: "A novelty of our classification method is that it combines the probability of observing various DNA mutations together with the levels of several proteins in order to make the final call."
"Others wondered how stress could possibly be related to a biological process that involves DNA mutations and the growth of cancer cells within a particular organ, such as the pancreas."
However, in the samples from patients with colorectal, breast, lung, or ovarian cancer, the technique identified tumor-related DNA mutations in 48 of 62 patients (77 percent) with advanced cancer (stages III and IV), and in 86 of 138 patients (62 percent) with stage I or stage II cancer.
They detected no cancer-related DNA mutations in the samples from the healthy participants.

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