Davis, David

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Davis, David

David Davis served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1862 to 1877. An Illinois attorney and judge, Davis acted as Abraham Lincoln's campaign manager in the 1860 election, working tirelessly to win the Republican Party nomination and the general election for Lincoln.

Davis was born in Sassafras Neck, Maryland, on March 9, 1815. He attended Kenyon College at the age of thirteen. Following graduation he read the law in a Massachusetts law firm, before attending New Haven Law School for less than a year. In 1835 he moved to Illinois and was admitted to the bar, and opened a law firm in Pekin. In 1836 he purchased a law practice in Bloomington, Illinois, where he remained a resident the rest of his life.

He was soon drawn into politics. After losing a bid for a seat in the Illinois Senate in 1840, he was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1844. He participated in the Illinois Constitutional Convention, which convened in 1847. A force for judicial reform, Davis was elected to Illinois's Eighth Judicial Circuit, where he served as presiding judge until 1862.

During his years as a practicing attorney and judge, Davis became a close friend and adviser to Abraham Lincoln. Ignoring the traditional concept of judicial neutrality concerning politics, Davis acted as Lincoln's campaign manager during the 1860 election. His actions have been credited with securing the Republican party nomination for Lincoln.

In 1862 Lincoln rewarded his friend with an appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court. Davis's tenure encompassed both the Civil War and Reconstruction. He is best remembered for his 1866 majority opinion in ex parte milligan,71 U.S. 2, 18 L. Ed. 281. In 1864 Lamdin Milligan was arrested and tried for Treason by a military commission established by order of President Lincoln. He was convicted and sentenced to death, but the sentence was not carried out.

In his majority opinion, Davis noted that the civilian courts were open and operating in Indiana when Milligan was arrested and tried by the military. In ordering Milligan's release, Davis condemned Lincoln's directive establishing military jurisdiction over civilians outside of the immediate war area. He strongly affirmed the fundamental right of a civilian to be tried in a regular court of law, with all the required procedural safeguards.

In 1872 Davis was nominated for president by the National Labor Reform party, but he turned down the opportunity. However, political ambition led him to resign from the Supreme Court in 1877 and run for the Senate, representing Illinois. He was elected as an independent and served one six-year term. From 1881 to 1883, he served as president pro tempore of the Senate.

Davis died June 26, 1886, in Bloomington, Illinois.

References in periodicals archive ?
I had started him twice in the last two pre-season games and today I went for Lee Evans, who I thought was excellent, David Davis, David Edwards and then from the substitutes bench Kevin Foley who has had a stop and start pre-season due to some ankle problems that he is over now.
Madelyn Pugh Davis, David Lloyd, Bob Schiller, Jack Elinson, Sam Denoff, Bill Persky, Allan Burns, Saul Turtletaub, Bernie Orenstein, Austin "Rocky" Kalish, Irma Kalish, Paul Wayne, Sam Bobrick, Jerry Mayer, Lila Garrett, Fred Freeman, Rick Mittleman, Elroy Schwartz, Carl Kleinschmitt, Arnold Margolin, and Ed Scharlach, then compiles their thoughts on aspects like breaking into comedy writing; writing the script; writing series like The Mary Tyler Moore Show, All in the Family, The Lucy Show, Cosby, and That Girl; classic episodes of I Love Lucy, The Dick Van Dyke Show, and others; flops; working with actors; collaboration; and retiring.
Sven never did, even though, ahem, workmanlike midfielders like David Thompson, Nigel Reo-Coker, Sean Davis, David Dunn, Steve Guppy, Alan Thompson, Gavin McCann and Seth Johnson were all capped on his watch.
Aside from Avery, who will continue to serve as chief executive, the group of new owners features Gary Davis, David Power, Paul C.
45pm) Agatha Christie mystery, starring Peter Ustinov, Bette Davis, David Niven and Maggie Smith.
With Steven Davis, David Healy and new boy Sone Aluko all in form for the Ibrox side, the United boss knows their trip to Govan will require another big performance if they are to proceed to the next stage.
With: Jonathan Caouette, Renee Leblane, Adolph Davis, David Sanin Paz, Joshua Caouette, Rosemary Davis.
Distinguished visiting conductors include Carl Davis, David Hill, Andrew Manze, Tomas Netopil and Alexander Shelley.
Aimard has collaborated with conductors such as Pierre Boulez, Seiji Ozawa, Zubin Mehta, Charles Dutoit, Andr Previn, James Levine, Andrew Davis, David Robertson, and Nikolaus Harnoncourt.
Smith refused to be drawn on suggestions Webster could even scoop Player of the Year ahead of Ibrox stars like Steven Davis, David Weir, Kris Boyd, Allan McGregor and Lee McCulloch.
Scorers: Tries: Hullin, Ken Jones; Con: Cheney; Pen: Cheney; DG: Hullin Australia: Jim Lenehan; Stewart Boyce, John Brass, Phil Smith, Alan Cardy; Phil Hawthorne, Ken Catchpole (capt); Tony Miller, Peter Johnson, Jim Miller, Peter Crittle, Rob Heming, Greg Davis, David Taylor, Denis O''Callaghan.
Davie himself is one of many writers, including lately Robert Alter, April Bernard, Brian Clements, Carol Ann Davis, David Frost, Stephen Mitchell, and James Calvin Schaap, who have translated the Psalms with formal attentiveness or have attempted a modern sequence or book-length exploration of psalm-form.